Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War Page: 195

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largely through the efforts of sincere, patriotic laborers that the supply problem became
The positions for the night of 16-17 September for the rest of 2/5 (besides Fox
Company, for which the positions have already been noted) were as follows: Dog
Company was in a "tight perimeter" on the slopes of the ridge between 751 and 812,
and between How and Item Companies of 3/5; Easy Company was in the vicinity of the
Battalion CP near the Hays Line.35
The Marines of 3/5 passed through 3/1 west of 2/5 at 0830 that morning. It, too,
attacked north against heavy resistance. It made it to the vicinity of a ridgeline before
nightfall, where it dug in (night fell just before 2000 in Korea at this time of year).36
That afternoon, 2/5's 81mm mortar platoon moved close enough to support the
last part of the attack late in the evening.37
Thus 16 September ended for the 5th Marines. Fox 2/5 pulled back and set up a
defensive perimeter. It then began evacuation of wounded. Contact was made with 3/5
on the left and maintained all night. That night brought no enemy counterattacks for a
bright moon was up and the terrain was almost as bright as day.38
Gerald P. Averill described digging in that night:
As it had been on countless other nights of combat, the terrain was bathed by the
incandescence of a full moon, the hills and ridge lines so well illuminated that
every movement could be detected. Before nightfall Ramsdell and I had dug a
chevron-type foxhole across the spine of the ridge. In it were the field phone and
the radio. The colonel's hole had been dug nearby.39
34/bid., 37, 62.
35/bid., 37-38.
36 1 Mar Div "Historical Diary", September 1951, 20; "Tactical Study of Mandae-ri Area," July 1951,
Enclosure 1.
37 Maj Gerald P. Averill, "Final Objective," 14.
38 Lynn Montross, et al., The East-Central Front, 195; 1 Mar Div "Historical Diary", September 1951, 19-
39 Gerald P. Averill, Mustang, 266.


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Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War, thesis, August 2007; Denton, Texas. ( accessed February 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library,; .