Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War Page: 185

This thesis is part of the collection entitled: UNT Theses and Dissertations and was provided to Digital Library by the UNT Libraries.

View a full description of this thesis.

to come down the high ground east to west (ridge-running). Their expectation was
Possibly they had formed their defense as an adaptation to the Marine ridge-
running tactics. Unlike the American troops, the Chinese and North Korean soldiers did
not "rotate" their men home, so many veterans of the entire war (so far) were among
their ranks-even former ROKs who had been captured and forced to fight for the
NKPA-and even some who had fought the Japanese in WWII and against the
Nationalists in the Chinese civil war. It was not uncommon for Communist soldiers to
have as many as fifteen years of combat experience. Therefore, they knew lots of little
tricks and had much experience to draw on in formulating a murderous defense.
Enemy emplacements were on either side of the spine of the ridge and could
subject an attacker to forward and enfilade fire. The attacking troops would be forced by
the narrowness of the razor-back ridge to attack in a column or otherwise very narrow-
fronted formation, and the enemy was emplaced to subject such an attack to a withering
crossfire. "Bunkers had been placed in saddles, just down from the crest, so that they
could not be seen from the direct front until the attackers were quite close . . . These
bunkers delivered fire along a longitudinal axis down the spine in some instances, as
the knob which concealed a bunker was not wide enough to prevent fire from
approximately thirty degrees from the direct front."14
Fox company observed an artillery concentration fired on Hill 812 at 1600 as
"reasonably close." Therefore its position was closer to the objective than the command
had suspected. The 2nd Platoon came under fire first as it advanced up the finger of the


13 Ibid.
14 Ibid.

Upcoming Pages

Here’s what’s next.

upcoming item: 201 201 of 415
upcoming item: 202 202 of 415
upcoming item: 203 203 of 415
upcoming item: 204 204 of 415

Show all pages in this thesis.

This thesis can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.

Tools / Downloads

Get a copy of this page .

Citing and Sharing

Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.

Reference the current page of this Thesis.

Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War, thesis, August 2007; Denton, Texas. ( accessed February 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library,; .