Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War Page: 155
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retake the hill, and Southall helped repulse several attacks. His actions were
instrumental in the success of his battalion. He would receive the Navy Cross.14
Charlie Company, 1/Tank (1st Tank Battalion), helped by firing 400 rounds on
enemy bunkers that day. Again, the 11th Marines did as much as the terrain allowed,
firing 3,029 rounds, but enemy positions on reverse slopes were almost impossible to
hit with a direct enough an impact to demolish them.15
The night proved to be chilly. "The second night we spent on 749 was quite chilly.
September evenings were growing cooler, and this night was the chilliest I'd known in
Korea. Our packs had been left behind when we were ordered to attack the hill, and all
[we] wore [was] our utilities."16
That night two enemy counterattacks crashed and broke on 3/1's positions, which
held firm (one was the attack on Item Company mentioned earlier). The enemy suffered
The CO of 1/1, Lt Col Horace E. Knapp had been wounded that day while visiting
his front lines. After his evacuation, his executive officer, Major Edgar F. Carney took
over temporary command. (Noon September 16 would see Lt Col John E. Gorman
replace Major Carney in command of 1/1. Afterall, the Tables of Organization specified
a LtCol, not a Major, as the authorized rank to command a battalion.) Luckily that night
would prove to be a quiet one for this battalion. All the other battalions of the regiment
received counterattacks, some in company strength, and incessant incoming.
Preregistered artillery and mortar concentrations were key to repulsing the enemy
14 Navy Cross Award Citation for James B. Southall.
is Lynn Montross, et al., The East-Central Front, 191; 1st Mar Div, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 17-
18; 1st Marine Regiment, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 15.
16 Oral account of PFC Frank O. Hart of Dog Company, 2/1 in: Knox, Uncertain Victory, 300.
17 st Marine Regiment, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 15.
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Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War, thesis, August 2007; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3938/m1/170/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .