Mineral Facts and Problems: 1960 Edition Page: 91
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Missouri: Short ton, water ground and
floated, bleached, $45-$49, carlots, f.o.b. works.
Crude ore, minimum 94 percent BaSO4, less
than 1 percent iron, $16-$18. Crude oil well
drilling, min. 4.3 specific gravity, bulk, short
ton, $18. Some restricted sales, $11.50.
Ground, oil-well grade, $26.75.
Imported: Crude oil-well drilling, minimum
4.25 specific gravity, bulk, short ton c.i.f.
Gulf Ports, $16-$18.
Canada: Crude, in bulk, f.o.b. shipping
points, $11 a long ton; ground, in bags, $16.50
a short ton.
Prices of barium chemicals and lithopone are
carried in the weekly editions of the Oil, Paint
and Drug Reporter, and average yearly values
can be found in the commodity chapter of the
Prices of some selected barium chemicals in
1958 were as follows:
Barium carbonate, precipitated, bags, carlots,
works, ton $111.50
Barium chloride, anhydrous, bags, carlots,
works, ton $176
Barium hydrate (hydroxide), crystals, bags,
carlots freight equaled, ton $208
Barium nitrate, barrels, carlots, delivered,
Barium oxide, ground, drums, carlots, freight
equaled, ton $275
Barium peroxide, drums, freight equaled,
Federal tax laws allow barite producers a
percentage depletion allowance both domestic
and foreign of 15 percent of gross income, not
to exceed 50 percent of net income without the
depletion deduction. Some producing States
levy severance taxes.
Crude or otherwise unmanufactured barite
is dutiable at $2.55 a long ton. Ground or
otherwise manufactured barite has a tariff of
$6.50 a long ton levied upon it.
The tariff on barium chemicals varies with
each compound; the duties on selected. barium
It is the relatively low water transportation
cost that permits Nova Scotia barite from de-
posits near tidewater, as well as other foreign
deposits close to water transportation, to com-
pete successfully with domestic material on the
Atlantic and Gulf coasts.
Barite is shipped in bulk and in bags by
water, truck, and rail. Some ground material
is packed in 100-pound bags .and shipped in
boxcars to distributors, and some is shipped in
bulk in covered hopper cars to oilfield destina-
tions from which it is shipped to the wells in
specially built trucks.
Crude barite is shipped in bulk, usually in
open gondola cars.
A new innovation in the shipment of barite
was instituted in 1956 by one of the larger
barite-producing firms. It was a self-maneu-
vering barge used for delivering barite and
other drilling-mud components to offshore
drilling rigs. Material can be transported in
either bulk or bag form; if in bulk it is trans-
ferred to the rig pneumatically by hoses, and,
if in bags, by hoists. It is believed that addi-
tional vessels of this type will be put into opera-
tion by this firm and also other barite firms.
The Bureau of Mines is conducting research
on processes for separating barite from fluorite
and other constituents of complex ores. Pre-
liminary results are encouraging.
Barite deposits in Tennessee, North Carolina,
and Arkansas have been investigated by the
Bureau and reports published (3, 12, 15, 16,
25). Research on treatment of barite ores from
various domestic deposits as well as research on
barium metal and alloys also has been conduct-
ed (6, 7, 14, 18, 20).
Active exploration programs, both here and
abroad, for new deposits near major consuming
centers are being conducted by the industry.
Research on improvements of barite processing
is also being conducted.
Preliminary research on the use of barite as
a major constituent in whiteware ceramic
bodies has been conducted, and favorable re-
sults indicate further research is warranted.
Research on production, properties, and appli-
cations of barium titanate ceramics has been
intensified in recent years. The interest in
these materials has been created by their
unusual electromechanical properties, which
make them suitable for use as transducers and
capacitors in various electronic and ultrasonic
applications. Research is presently being con-
ducted on the use of these ceramics in highly
specialized aircraft, where a product that can
withstand a relatively high temperature is
Barium carbonate, precipitated pound_
Barium chloride----------------------do _
Barium dioxide ----------------------do ...
Barium nitrate ----------------------- do _..
Barium oxide-------- _---do ...
For a relatively low-pri ed commodity such
as barite, transportation is n important factor.
544297 0-60- 7
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United States. Bureau of Mines. Mineral Facts and Problems: 1960 Edition, report, 1960; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc38790/m1/99/: accessed October 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.