Mineral Facts and Problems: 1960 Edition Page: 1
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By Charles W. Merrill 1
A N ADEQUATE, dependable, and continuing supply of raw materials is in-
dispensable to the United States and its industries in meeting the needs of
an expanding population, a rising standard of living, and the na-
tional security. The primary responsibility for appraising the status of
the country's mineral supply and for making appropriate recommendations
within the executive branch and to the Congress has been placed in the U.S.
Department of the Interior.
In fulfilling its role of governmental responsibility for raw-material
supplies and their efficient utilization, the Bureau of Mines has analyzed the
factors in current and future mineral supplies and demands and has developed
87 statements for specific commodities that assess the national position and
problems for these metals, minerals, and mineral fuels. These statements,
which constitute the chapters of this volume, are based on the assumption that
nearly all production and consumption of materials in the United States are to
be by private individuals and organizations, in accordance with the Nation's
devotion to a private-enterprise economy.
The role of Government is to help further long-range research projects
where the hope of immediate commercial operation is not attractive to industry.
Such helpfulness lays the groundwork for later development by private indus-
try. In addition, Government is responsible in providing for the national
security and assisting industry, within the scope of its authority, in solving
short-term problems. These responsibilities entail a continuing review of the
national position in every material of strategic or domestic significance and
dissemination of comprehensive statistical data to other Government agencies
and to the public.
The availability of governmental data encourages private undertakings in
areas that might not otherwise be attractive. Industry tends to devote a major
share of its efforts to the pressing problems of the moment; therefore, Govern-
ment normally renders its greatest aid in looking ahead, anticipating future
needs, and planning its activities to allow for the maximum contingency in
raw-material requirements of the Nation as a whole. Many problems obvi-
ously call for collaboration and joint effort between private industry and
Each of the individual commodity statements
making up this volume culminates in a section
entitled "Problems," The problems reported
constitute obstacles to achievement of major ob-
jectives of industry and Government. These
larger objectives are: (1) Wise production and
utilization of United States mineral resources;
(2) discovery and development of new sources
of mineral supply; (3) maintenance of mineral
reserves and stocks at adequate levels; (4)
1 Chief, Division of Minerals.
fostering of a productive and processing indus-
trial capacity large and flexible enough to ex-
ploit effectively the domestic mineral resources
consonant with full foreseen requirements; and
(5) assurance of access to foreign mineral sup-
ply to supplement domestic output as needed.
In addition, Government and domestic industry
have an interest in foreign resources as related
to domestic resources, though such concern
usually is less acute.
Further guidance to broad objectives is found
in the following five points.
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United States. Bureau of Mines. Mineral Facts and Problems: 1960 Edition, report, 1960; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc38790/m1/9/: accessed April 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.