Mineral Facts and Problems: 1960 Edition Page: 60
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MINERAL FACTS AND PROBLEMS, ANNIVERSARY EDITION
ity of product must be maintained at consist-
ently high levels so as to hold satisfactory con-
Supplies of the various sizes of anthracite
are a growing area of concern. The sizes
larger than Pea are used almost entirely in
hand-fired space-heating equipment, and some
of these sizes frequently are in excess supply.
The finer sizes, Pea and smaller, often are in
short supply. To overcome this imbalance,
some operators resort to the uneconomic op-
eration of crushing the large sizes to meet com-
mitments for the small sizes.
The continued substantial losses by the
larger sizes in the space-heating field present
a composite problem of production and mar-
keting. Relatively high delivered prices ow-
ing to production, transportation, and han-
dling costs are a handicap in combating com-
petitive fuels. Other problems in this field
relate to consistency of product quality at a
high level, dissemination of information on the
reliable automatic combustion equipment avail-
able for burning anthracite, adequacy of sup-
plies, and to satisfactory producer-dealer-con-
A growing recognition of the industry's
problems may result in studies and research on
means of alleviating these difficulties. The re-
search program of the Bureau is investigating
methods of resolving a number of the problem
areas. Associations of producers, equipment
manufacturers, and trade groups also are ac-
tive in disseminating data on the convenience
and low heating costs available through the
use of anthracite.
1. ALLAN, ANDREW, JR., AND DAVIs, R. S. Anthracite
Mechanical Mining Investigations: Recovery of
Anthracite in a Steeply-Pitching Bed by Induced
Caving. Bureau of Mines Rept. of Investigations
5013, 1953, 12 pp.
2. ALLAN, ANDREW, JR., KAAR, PAUL H., AND COONER,
JOHN D., SR. Anthracite Mechanical Mining In-
vestigations: Measurement of Loads Borne by
Underground Railway Supports. Bureau of
Mines Rept. of Investigations 4946, 1953, 12 pp.
3. ASH, S. H., DIERK, H. A., KENNEDY, D. O., AND
MILLER, P. S. Flood Prevention in Anthracite
Mines. Bureau of Mines Bull. 560, 1956, 23 pp.
4. ASHLEY, GEORGE H. Anthracite Reserves. Penn-
sylvania Topographic and Geologic Survey,
Progress Report 130, December 1945, 13 pp.
5. -. A Syllabus of Pennsylvania Geology and
Mineral Resources: Pennsylvania Topographic
and Geologic Survey, Bull. G-1, 1931, 159 pp.
6. ASHMEAD, DEVER C. Anthracite Losses and Re-
serves in Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Topo-
graphic and Geologic Survey, 1926, 71 pp.
7. AVERITT, PAUL, BERRYHILL, LOUISE R., AND TAYLOR,
DOROTHY A. Coal Resources of the United
States. Geological Survey Circular 293, October
1953, 49 pp.
8. BARKLEY, J. F., BURDICK. L. R.. AND MORGAN,
R. E. Tests of the Anthratube. Bureau of
Mines Rept. of Investigations 4936, 1953, 13 pp.
9. BUCH, JOHN W., GRIFFITH, WALTER R., AND
SCHEMMEL, JOHN D. Design and Testing of Bu-
reau of Mines Pneumatic Coal Planer. Bureau
of Mines Rept. of Investigations 5380, December
1957, 25 pp.
10. BUEHL, R. C., AND ROYER, M. B. Smelting Iron
Ore with Anthracite: Bureau of Mines Experi-
mental Blast Furnace. Bureau of Mines Rept.
of Investigations 5165, 1955, 15 pp.
11. BUREAU OF MINES. Analyses of Pennsylvania An-
thracitic Coals. Tech. Paper 659, 1944, 271 pp.
12. COAL AGE. Anthracite Takes Lead in Making
Chemicals Directly from Coal. Vol. 64, No. 7,
July 1959, pp. 98-100.
13. CORGAN, JOSEPH A. Dredging Pennsylvania An-
thracite. Bureau of Mines Inf. Circ. 7213, 1942,
14. ECKERD, J. W., SANNER, W. S., AND BAKER, A. F.
Crushing Chestnut-Size Anthracite to Produce
Buckwheat No. 1 and Rice Sizes of Anthracite.
Bureau of Mines Rept. of Investigations. In
15. GAYLE, J. B., EDDY, W. H., AND BROWN, R. L. Use
of Anthrafines for Producing Metallurgical Coke.
Bureau of Mines Rept. of Investigations 5289,
1956, 19 pp.
16. HARTLEY, JOHN C., COONER, JOHN D., SR., AND
BRENNAN, ROBERT J. Anthracite Mechanical-
Mining Investigations, Use of Yielding Steel
Supports (props) in Combination With Back-
filling for Mining Thick, Flat Beds. Bureau of
Mines Rept. of Investigations 5290, 1956, 29 pp.
17. INGERSOLL, D. E., AND ECKERD, J. W. Washability
Characteristics of Mammoth and Holmes Vein
Anthracites. Bureau of Mines Rept. of Investi-
gations. In press.
18. MORGAN, R. E., ECKERD, J. W., RATWAY, J., AND
BAKER, A. F. Lurgi-Gasifier Tests of Pennsyl-
vania Anthracite. Bureau of Mines Rept. of In-
vestigations 5420, 1958, 22 pp.
19. SANNER, W. S. AND CLENDENIN, J. D. Anthracite
Launder Screens: Factors in Their Design and
Operation, Bureau of Mines Rept. of Investiga-
tions 5032, 1954, 32 pp.
20. SISLER, JAMES D., FRASER, THOMAS, AND ASHMEAD,
DEVER C. Anthracite Culm and Silt. Pennsyl-
vania Topographic and Geologic Survey, Bull.
M12, 1928, 268 pp.
21. TENNEY, R. F., AND ECKERD, J. W. Performance of
Small Industrial-Type Anthracite-Burning Stok-
ers: ASME Code Tests. Bureau of Mines Rept.
of Investigations. In press.
22. TENNEY, R. F., CLENDENIN, J. D., AND SANNER,
W. S. Hazleton Brick Plant Gas Producer Tests.
Bureau of Mines Rept. of Investigations. In
23. THE STORY OF ANTHRACITE. Hudson Coal Co.,
Scranton, Pa., 1932, 425 pp.
24. WHAITE, RALPH A. Anthracite Mechanical Mining
Investigations: Second Testing of Brieden Pneu-
matic Packing Machine. Bureau of Mines Rept.
of Investigations 5273, 1956, 22 pp.
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United States. Bureau of Mines. Mineral Facts and Problems: 1960 Edition, report, 1960; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc38790/m1/68/: accessed December 14, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.