Mineral Facts and Problems: 1960 Edition Page: 44
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
MINERAL FACTS AND PROBLEMS, ANNIVERSARY EDITION
. .... ...... - - - - -- LEGEND
MD. 20 10 0 20 40 p FIELDS
FIGURE 1.-Coalfields and Regions of the Pennsylvania Anthracite Area.
the more heavily populated eastern areas, caus-
ing the demand for other fuels to grow. By
1817 a number of small mines had been opened
in various areas, but it was not until 1829 that
shipments were made from all of the present
producing regions. Anthracite was first
shipped in "arks" or barges, which were floated
down the rivers to markets where the coal was
sold, and the arks were broken up and sold for
The cost of transporting freight overland was
excessive, and better means of transportation
were essential if the anthracite fields were to be
developed. The first attempt to establish an in-
land canal system in the United States had as
its primary purpose the marketing of anthra-
cite from the Schuylkill, Lehigh, Lackawanna,
and Wyoming Valleys. A part of the Schuyl-
kill Canal, the first to be completed, was in use
in 1818, but it was not until 1825 that the canal
was fully opened between Pottsville and Phila-
delphia. Subsequent rapid completion of the
canal system provided low-cost transportation
from the mines to the markets. As a result,
Here’s what’s next.
This report can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Report.
United States. Bureau of Mines. Mineral Facts and Problems: 1960 Edition, report, 1960; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc38790/m1/52/: accessed March 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.