Latino success stories in higher education: A qualitative study of recent graduates from a health science center. Page: 65
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This added step in the data collection process not only gave a nod to Cole and Knowles'
(2001) ideas for how pathway research should be accomplished in a collaborative fashion, it
increased the reliability of the transcripts because both researcher and participant were able to
review and clarify each transcript until the researcher and participant understood all questions
related to a particular interview.
While Langness (1965) also suggests the use of other individuals in determining the
reliability of data from a participant, this technique was not used, since the focus of the study
was on each individual participant's perception of his or her path to academic success, not how
others saw that path. Tape recording each interview session also lent reliability to the
participant's interviews, since audiotaping provides a more accurate transcript than memory or
Another idea that tests the credibility of the researcher's knowledge claims is interpretive
validity (Gall et al., 2003). The criteria for interpretive validity are usefulness of the data,
contextual completeness of the data, researcher positioning, and reporting style. The usefulness
of the data gathered from this study and the conclusions reached are one test of validity. The
context of the research, and the context of the researcher to the research and the individuals
within the study are also a tests of validity of data. A separate section exists in this paper to
address these issues. How the researcher is positioned within the hierarchy being studied adds
validity to the study. This is also addressed in a separate section of the study. The accuracy with
which the researcher can convey the participant's words and feelings is also a test of validity.
Creating a text that puts the reader in the participant's shoes is the goal for accuracy and validity
in a life history research study, which is why including actual text from the participants'
interview transcripts is important (Gall et al., 2003). Since triangulation sometimes produces
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Colley, Kay Lynne. Latino success stories in higher education: A qualitative study of recent graduates from a health science center., dissertation, May 2007; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3687/m1/75/: accessed February 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .