Latino success stories in higher education: A qualitative study of recent graduates from a health science center. Page: 34
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According to the theory, students must feel like they "matter" to be successful in college
(Schlossberg et al., 1989).
Self-concept or student motivation has also been determined to be a strong indicator of
success or a barrier for minority students. Allen (1999) discovered that minority students who
had a high level of motivation were more likely to persist from the freshman to sophomore years
in college, while Cardoza (1991) found that educational aspirations or desire/motivation was the
single most important predictor of persistence among Latinas in her study of the undergraduate
persistence of Latinas. While this variable of motivation or self-concept is an indicator of
success, it can be a barrier for many minority students when related to the concepts of
marginalization when associated with minority status and discriminatory practices at institutions
of higher education. Aguilar (1996) found that Latinas were more likely to face personal barriers,
intracultural barriers, and extracultural barriers. Personal barriers such as lack of knowledge on
how to achieve goals, fear, lack of self-esteem, stress, and self-doubt impeded Latinas'
educational progress; intracultural barriers such as family responsibilities and role expectations
often served as barriers for Latinas, and extracultural barriers such as punishment for speaking
Spanish and teachers' negative attitudes and statements helped to keep the personal barriers
active (Aguilar, 1996).
In a longitudinal study (Grandy, 1998) among minority students who had tested as having
a high-ability for science, engineering, and mathematics, these barriers continue to impede
minority students. According to Grandy's model (1998), the biggest impediment for minority
students was lack of support for minority students. While Grandy (1998) found that minority
support had little effect on college grades, it did influence science ambition, attitudes, enjoyment,
and willingness to make a career commitment among the students who were surveyed. Taken in
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Colley, Kay Lynne. Latino success stories in higher education: A qualitative study of recent graduates from a health science center., dissertation, May 2007; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3687/m1/44/: accessed April 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .