Latino success stories in higher education: A qualitative study of recent graduates from a health science center. Page: 33
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to comply with culture (Tornatzky et al., 2003). The role of gender and the higher expectation of
female presence near the home can also be seen as a barrier to pursuing higher education
(Tornatzky et al., 2003). Tornatzky et al. (2003) hypothesized that ethnicity, gender, parental
level of education, and the decision to leave home were associated with decisions to attend
certain kinds of universities, particularly research intensive. They discovered that all of their
hypothesized variables did provide a significant influence on the decision to attend a research
university (Tornatzky et al., 2003).
A recent report issued from the Pew Hispanic Center (Fry, 2004) also found that Latinos'
pathways through postsecondary education further imperil their progress and ultimate success.
Fry (2004) found that Latinos, compared with white students, delay enrollment in college, have
greater financial responsibility for family members, and live with family while in college rather
than living in campus housing. The US Department of Education identifies delayed college entry
as a major barrier to completing a college degree (NCES, 1995b). The US Department of
Education also identifies increased family responsibilities, including financial dependents, as a
significant factor in reducing college completion (NCES, 1995a). And finally, Astin (1993) and
other researchers, have found that living on campus enhances the probability of degree
completion. These studies mirror the concepts introduced by Tinto (1987) as reasons for student
success or lack of success in his Theory of College Student Departure. In Tinto's model, students
must feel as if they belong or become integrated into the institution to remain in college. Positive
experiences further integrate the student into the system and lead to retention and persistence
toward graduation. Negative experiences reduce integration, distancing the student from the
institution, leading to marginality and ultimately withdrawal (Tinto, 1987). This sense of
marginality is what Schlossberg et al.'s (1989) theory of mattering/marginality also shows.
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Colley, Kay Lynne. Latino success stories in higher education: A qualitative study of recent graduates from a health science center., dissertation, May 2007; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3687/m1/43/: accessed January 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .