Latino success stories in higher education: A qualitative study of recent graduates from a health science center. Page: 27
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1989). Enright and Gitomer (1989) made inferences about the importance of certain
characteristics that result in student success based on what faculty members said were important
aspects of graduate education. As one might expect, good research skills were at the top of the
list of important characteristics that graduate students should possess. The ability to exhibit
behavior indicative of a professional in the field was also rated as important by faculty members
who said this occurs through socialization into the profession. According to the study, much of
the socialization is accomplished by modeling (Enright & Gitomer, 1989). Other skills that are
acquired through modeling in graduate school are writing, argumentation, and evaluation of
research. Modeling, according to Enright and Gitomer (1989), is facilitated by faculty who select
students to work with them; therefore, being bright, motivated, and articulate as a graduate
student are also important characteristics so faculty will select you to join them in a mentoring
relationship. Having the social skills to relate well to faculty members is also advantageous for
students in this process (Enright & Gitomer, 1989).
Other tasks that are considered important for graduate-level and professional success
identified by Enright and Gitomer are "identifying significant problems for investigation;
planning investigation of these problems; writing research proposals, papers, and reports;
participating in collegial interactions and professional networks; and critiquing the ideas,
proposals, and work of colleagues" (p. 5). So a set of identifiable skills are needed as are certain
characteristics such as interpersonal skills, oral communication skills, creativity, and motivation.
What Enright and Gitomer discovered was that the graduate education process is similar to an
apprenticeship, and that the skills acquired by successful students are skills learned from their
mentors. Enright and Gitomer (1989) also discovered a tentative list of competencies, based on
interviews with faculty members who enumerated the skills necessary to be successful in
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Colley, Kay Lynne. Latino success stories in higher education: A qualitative study of recent graduates from a health science center., dissertation, May 2007; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3687/m1/37/: accessed April 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .