Latino success stories in higher education: A qualitative study of recent graduates from a health science center. Page: 3
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financial aid, skewed assessment tests as part of entrance requirements, lack of knowledge about
college among parents and students, and an inhospitable campus climate (Carnevale & Rose,
2003; Justiz, 1995; O'Brien & Zudak, 1998). These barriers may lead to increased attrition for
Latinos, meaning that fewer students of Latino descent graduate from college and even fewer
attend and graduate from doctoral programs and professional schools.
Asian American students may soon be able to attend Asian American Serving Institutions
as the Asian American community agitates for a federal policy to implement a new minority-
serving institution similar in scope to HSIs. However, HSIs lack the federal funding provided to
Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Tribal Colleges, which were created as new,
separate institutions to address the special needs of African American and Native American
students. HSIs are designated from the existing pool of higher education institutions with about
six being created each year (Laden, 2001; Schmidt, 2003). In the past decade, more than 240
colleges have been designated Hispanic Serving Institutions after 25% of their enrollment was of
Hispanic descent with more than 50% of those students coming from low-income families
(Benitez, 1998; Schmidt, 2003).
Population Trends and Higher Education
No matter what the history of minority access to higher education, the reality of today is
that increasing the number of minority students graduating from college is an important policy
goal for the continued success of the US economy. Minorities will become the majority of US
residents during the 21st century. When looking at population projections, of all minority groups,
the greatest effect for higher education can be achieved by increasing college graduation rates
among Latino students. Latinos became the largest minority group in 2005, representing 13% of
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Colley, Kay Lynne. Latino success stories in higher education: A qualitative study of recent graduates from a health science center., dissertation, May 2007; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3687/m1/13/: accessed July 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .