Latino success stories in higher education: A qualitative study of recent graduates from a health science center. Page: 2
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Americans during the antebellum period of higher education in the US started the movement for
minority access, with both groups agitating for access at about the same time (Lucas, 1994).
Greater minority access to higher education came when millions of soldiers returned from World
War II, and the federal government enacted the GI Bill, which encouraged many soldiers to
enroll in college. Passage of the Higher Education Act of 1965 also made funding more available
and college more accessible to a large group of people, including more minority students in
higher education; however, specific programs for minority students, other than African
Americans, still did not exist (Prucha, 1973).
Following the movement that resulted in more African American students in higher
education, Native American students began to agitate for access to higher education with the
Tribal College movement, which started more than 30 years ago (O'Brien & Zudak, 1998).
Opportunities did exist for Native Americans to attend college prior to the Tribal College
movement (O'Brien & Zudak, 1998), but the barriers to Native American education that exist
today existed prior to World War II as well (Fletcher, 1888). Education was available by church
groups or the federal government in predominantly white institutions, but few Native Americans
had advanced to the highest educational levels (Boyer, 1997).
For Latino students, access to higher education has been a slower path. Enactment of the
Hispanic Serving Institution (HSI) Act came in 1993 with reauthorization of the Higher
Education Act (HACU "The Increasing Presence," 2000). Until then, Latino students had limited
access to higher education, especially in the early days of higher education when access was
impeded by legal mandates (Southern Education Foundation, 1995). Today, some of the same
barriers to higher education for Latino students that have existed since the beginning still exist:
recent immigration to the US, limited English language proficiency, cultural issues, limited
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Colley, Kay Lynne. Latino success stories in higher education: A qualitative study of recent graduates from a health science center., dissertation, May 2007; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3687/m1/12/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .