Access to Knowledge: a guide for everyone Page: 79
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3.5. Open standards
The US does not have a lending right, which shows that it is not nec-
essary for a thriving creative culture. Since public libraries are funded by
the public through their taxes, they are mandated to provide access to
their collections to the public and to provide loan facilities to facilitate
access to knowledge.
As the IFLA Committee on Copyright and Other Legal Matters (CLM)
states in its Background Paper on Public Lending Right, the oft held as-
sumption that primary sales of authors' works may be lost through library
use is mistaken. There is no empirical evidence to show any link between
the use of works in public library collections and possible loss by authors.
Not only are libraries themselves major purchasers of authors' works,
but library users often encounter an authors' works for the first time in
a public library, which can lead to further primary sales, or referrals to
others to purchase the works. In fact, libraries and authors enjoy a posi-
tive symbiotic relationship. Authors receive free marketing from libraries,
particularly in developing countries, in a number of ways, eg. through
new acquisition lists, new books stands, current awareness services, chil-
dren's reading hours, adult book clubs, readings by authors or poets,
book or author of the month promotions, exhibitions, selected reading
lists, circulation of promotional pamphlets, etc. And, most importantly,
the advertisement of authors' names and works in print and electronic
library catalogues and national catalogues, eg. SABINET and Publishers'
Libraries are also the main purchasers of important reference works
in analogue and digital formats. These works are generally very expensive
and their target market is libraries, not the public. Apart from basic dic-
tionaries, maps and encyclopedia-type works, few, if any reference works
would be purchased or even used, if it were not for them being housed in
libraries. Authors are not likely to suffer loss of sales of these works from
public lending. In fact, libraries provide a "captive audience" for these
works, as they are generally only for "in-library use" and not for loan.56
3.5 Open standards
An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various
rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of
how it was designed (eg. open process).
56 Nicholson, Denise Rosemary, Does South Africa need a Public Lending Right? 2009
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Noronha, Frederick & Malcolm, Jeremy. Access to Knowledge: a guide for everyone, text, 2010; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc33297/m1/89/: accessed February 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .