The Equity Method of Accounting and Unconsolidated Subsidiaries: An Empirical Study

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The objectives of this study are to determine the effect on certain financial statement relationships of using the equity method to account for subsidiaries in lieu of consolidation and to gather evidence to suggest whether or not bond rating agencies take into consideration these effects in rating corporate bonds. Sixty manufacturing companies listed in COMPUSTAT as having a subsidiary accounted for by the equity method compose the experimental group. The remaining manufacturing companies in COMPUSTAT compose the control group. Computation of eight variables from COMPUSTAT provided data from the companies' original financial statements. Consolidating the subsidiaries of the experimental companies ... continued below

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viii, 165 leaves

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Rich, John C. (John Carr) August 1985.

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  • Rich, John C. (John Carr)

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The objectives of this study are to determine the effect on certain financial statement relationships of using the equity method to account for subsidiaries in lieu of consolidation and to gather evidence to suggest whether or not bond rating agencies take into consideration these effects in rating corporate bonds. Sixty manufacturing companies listed in COMPUSTAT as having a subsidiary accounted for by the equity method compose the experimental group. The remaining manufacturing companies in COMPUSTAT compose the control group. Computation of eight variables from COMPUSTAT provided data from the companies' original financial statements. Consolidating the subsidiaries of the experimental companies using annual 10-K data made it possible to recompute the same eight variables with these subsidiaries consolidated into the parents' statements. Comparison of the variables for the companies before and after consolidation revealed that five of the eight variables were substantially different and that the differences were statistically significant. Horrigan's multiple regression bond rating model provided indirect evidence to examine which method (equity or consolidation) bond raters use in their rating process. The model is a surrogate for the rating process. Use of the model necessitated calculation of two sets of regression coefficients—one using data in which subsidiaries were accounted for by the equity method and a second when the subsidiaries are consolidated. A derivation sample drawn randomly from both the experimental and control groups provided the data for computation of the coefficients. Comparison of predictions using the two sets of coefficients and validation sample company data revealed that the consolidated method data generated predictions in greater agreement with Moody's bond ratings than did the equity method data. The N-probit technique indicated that the predictions of Horrigan's model are not biased. The research suggests that bond raters find data based on consolidation of subsidiaries more important in their analyses than data based on the equity method. This suggests that the FASB should modify generally accepted accounting principles with regard to the equity method of accounting for unconsolidated, majority-owned subsidiaries.

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viii, 165 leaves

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  • August 1985

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  • Aug. 22, 2014, 6 p.m.

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  • Nov. 20, 2017, 1:31 p.m.

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Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Rich, John C. (John Carr). The Equity Method of Accounting and Unconsolidated Subsidiaries: An Empirical Study, dissertation, August 1985; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc332424/: accessed December 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .