Isomerization Reactions in Organosilicon Chemistry

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Dimethylsilene, generated from the thermal gas phase reaction of 1,1-dimethyl-1-silacyclobutane, reacts with alkynes to produce silacyclobutenes or acyclic silanes. The temperature dependence of the product ratios have been determined and the relative reactivities of three different alkynes toward the 1,1-dimethylsilene has been determined. 1-Hydrido-1-methylsilene has been generated by gas phase thermal decomposition from three different precursors. Trapping studies with butadiene and trimethylsilane lead to products expected from dimethylsilylene. The most plausible explanation for these observations is that hydridomethylsilenes undergo a facile isomerization to divalent dimethylsilylene. Cycloaddition of 1,1-dimethylsilene to allene at 600°C in a flow vacuum pyrolysis system affords the ... continued below

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vi, 124 leaves : ill.

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Kwak, Young-Woo August 1985.

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Dimethylsilene, generated from the thermal gas phase reaction of 1,1-dimethyl-1-silacyclobutane, reacts with alkynes to produce silacyclobutenes or acyclic silanes. The temperature dependence of the product ratios have been determined and the relative reactivities of three different alkynes toward the 1,1-dimethylsilene has been determined. 1-Hydrido-1-methylsilene has been generated by gas phase thermal decomposition from three different precursors. Trapping studies with butadiene and trimethylsilane lead to products expected from dimethylsilylene. The most plausible explanation for these observations is that hydridomethylsilenes undergo a facile isomerization to divalent dimethylsilylene. Cycloaddition of 1,1-dimethylsilene to allene at 600°C in a flow vacuum pyrolysis system affords the first synthesis of 2-methylene-1,1-dimethylsilacyclobutane and smaller amounts of six other products. For static pyrolysis at 421°C, the 2-methylene-1,1-dimethyIsilacyclobutane isomerizes to 1,1-dimethylsilacyclopentenes. The kinetics of gas phase thermal decomposition of cyclopropyltrimethylsilane has been studied over the temperature range, 689.6-751.1 K at pressures near 14 torr. The Arrhenius parameters for formation of allyltrimethylsilane are k_1(sec^-1)=10^14.3 ± 0.1 exp(-56.5 ± 0.2 kcal mol^-1/RT) and those for the formation of E- and Z-1-propenyltrimethyIsilane are k_2(sec^-1)=10^14.9 ± 0.3 exp(-61.9 ± 0.8 kcal mol^-1/RT). The difference between activation energies has been interpreted in terms of anchimeric assistance or the β effect of the silicon atom. The syntheses of 3-trimethylsilyl-1-pyrazoline and 1-trimethyl-2-pyrazoline are described. The thermal decomposition of either pyrazoline affords four different products along with elimination of a nitrogen molecule. It was suggested that the relative rates of methylene-hydrogen migration to radical centers α and γ to silicon are approximately equal. The thermal isomerization of 3-trimethylsilyl-1-pyrazoline to 1-trimethylsilyl-2-pyrazoline has been investigated kinetically at 65°C by proton NMR spectroscopy and the reverse reaction has been detected by gas phase pyrolysis.

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vi, 124 leaves : ill.

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  • August 1985

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Kwak, Young-Woo. Isomerization Reactions in Organosilicon Chemistry, dissertation, August 1985; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc332336/: accessed November 12, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .