The Personality Pattern of Hyperactive Boys: Adjustments in Internality, Self-Esteem, and Anxiety Page: 2
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Bolton, Ronald Eugene, The Personality Pattern of
Hyperactive Boys: Adjustments in Internality, Self-Esteem,
and Anxiety. Doctor of Philosophy (Clinical Psychology),
December, 1981, 71 pp., 8 tables, references, 75 titles.
During the past 80 years, similar descriptions of a
hyperactive behavior pattern in children have appeared in
medical, educational, and psychological literature. Hyper-
activity has been conceptualized as a character disorder,
an organic disorder, and, most recently, as a behavior
disorder. In this study, hyperactivity was explained in
interactional terms, using Rotter's social learning theory of
personality. Little consideration has been given in research
to the influence of an abnormally high activity level upon
personality development during childhood. The purpose of
this study was to investigate the general influence of neg-
ative interactions associated with hyperactivity upon the
organization of four personality constructs: locus of con-
trol, self-esteem, trait anxiety, and state anxiety.
Principal hypotheses predicted that (a) as hyperactivity
level increases, externality also increases which protects
self-esteem and reduces trait and state anxiety, and (b)
externality is the more significant of the personality
constructs followed by self-esteem and then trait anxiety.
Subjects were 14 3 fourth- and fifth-grade boys from 12
regular classrooms. Classroom teachers rated each student
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Bolton, Ronald Eugene. The Personality Pattern of Hyperactive Boys: Adjustments in Internality, Self-Esteem, and Anxiety, dissertation, December 1981; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc332233/m1/2/: accessed February 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .