The Composing Processes of Blind Writers

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An examination of the composing processes of blind writers was conducted to determine the strategies used by these composers. Two individuals blind from birth and two persons blinded later in life participated in the study. Using participant observation and stimulated recall, the researcher examined the composing processes of these subjects. Each individual participated in four writing sessions and used the compose-aloud technique where by the composer repeats orally any thoughts that occur during writing. In addition, an interview was conducted with each participant which provided a writing history, attitude toward writing, and composing strategies. Results of the research indicated that ... continued below

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iii, 216 leaves

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Bryant, Deborah Goforth December 1984.

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  • Bryant, Deborah Goforth

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An examination of the composing processes of blind writers was conducted to determine the strategies used by these composers. Two individuals blind from birth and two persons blinded later in life participated in the study. Using participant observation and stimulated recall, the researcher examined the composing processes of these subjects. Each individual participated in four writing sessions and used the compose-aloud technique where by the composer repeats orally any thoughts that occur during writing. In addition, an interview was conducted with each participant which provided a writing history, attitude toward writing, and composing strategies. Results of the research indicated that blind writers use the same basic processes of writing as reported for sighted writers. Blind writers in this study did not make written plans prior to writing and spent between one and four minutes in prewriting. Planning was an ongoing feature of the composing process. The writers in this study demonstrated the recursive feature of composing. Rescanning was a continual part of their composing sessions . Three of the subjects reported using rescanning for planning and editing. One individual reported using rescanning for editing only. Some differences were found in the blind writers as compared to the research on sighted composers. First, blind writers averaged 39 rescansions per essay, while research on the sighted reported approximately six rescansions in each session. The difference in the number of rescansions between these two groups may be a result of the blind writer's need to locate position on the page or from a difference in short-term memory in the sighted and non-sighted. Writers blind from birth demonstrated a difference in the ability to organize an essay in the extensive mode. These composers made no global plans. Rather they allowed the writings to unfold as they wrote. This research would indicate that sight may have a role in composing.

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iii, 216 leaves

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  • December 1984

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  • Aug. 22, 2014, 6 p.m.

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  • Jan. 5, 2018, 2:32 p.m.

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Bryant, Deborah Goforth. The Composing Processes of Blind Writers, dissertation, December 1984; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc332187/: accessed October 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .