English Phonology Without Underlying Glides Page: 3
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analysis, including the derivation of the voiceless laryngeal
glide [hj from underlying /x/.
In this study, the inventory of underlying vowels is
assumed to include seven tense vowels /i e as a o o u/ and
five lax vowels /i e a o u/. Like SPE, the occurrence of
[y] and [w] following tense vowels is described by the rule
of DIPHTHONGIZATION, and the [w] in C V by a [w] INSERTION
Unlike SPE, this study recognizes the existence of a
number of sequences of lax vowels in lexical representations.
While SPE permitted marginally the collocation of [+high]
[+highj vowels (triumph, fruit), [-high] [-high] vowels (eon,
chaos)r and [+high] [-high] vowels (fuel, -ion, -ian), here
also [-high] [+high] sequences are admitted. Such sequences
are acted on by several new rules of gliding and tensing to
yield derivations suggested as follows:
/prei feu laud boi grou/
[prey fyuw l5hd boy grow]
Also the new [i, e] GLIDING rule is an extension of the SPE
rule which de-vocalizes the [i] in such forms as social, onion,
and conscience. Other new rules include several gliding rules:
FORMATIVE-INITIAL GLIDING, /uet/ /iet/ [wet] [yet]; PEAK
SHIFT, a rule that glides the [e] in the sequence [eu] to
[eu], an intermediate stage in the derivation of [yuw]; and
POST-VOCALIC GLIDING, which converts the second vowel to a
glide in these sequences /ei au ou oi/ -> [ey aw ow oy] in
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Leath, Helen Lang. English Phonology Without Underlying Glides, dissertation, May 1979; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc331599/m1/3/: accessed October 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .