Alcohol Use among the Elderly in Edmonton, Alberta: a Multivariate Analysis Metadata

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Title

  • Main Title Alcohol Use among the Elderly in Edmonton, Alberta: a Multivariate Analysis

Creator

  • Author: Watson, Jack Borden
    Creator Type: Personal
    Creator Info: Jr.

Contributor

  • Chair: Eve, Susan Brown
    Contributor Type: Personal
    Contributor Info: Major Professor
  • Committee Member: Martin, Cora Ann
    Contributor Type: Personal
    Contributor Info: Minor Professor
  • Committee Member: Almquist, Elizabeth M.
    Contributor Type: Personal
  • Committee Member: Seward, Rudy Ray
    Contributor Type: Personal
  • Committee Member: Fridinger, Fred
    Contributor Type: Personal
  • Committee Member: Black, Clifford M.
    Contributor Type: Personal

Publisher

  • Name: University of North Texas
    Place of Publication: Denton, Texas

Date

  • Creation: 1989-05

Language

  • English

Description

  • Content Description: A model of social stressor variables, social integration variables and demographic control variables was tested to assess their impact on alcohol use among the elderly. A secondary analysis of a survey on alcohol use among the elderly in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, was conducted to test the major hypotheses of the study. Contingency table analysis, using gamma and partial gamma as correlation coefficients, was utilized in the data analysis. The first hypothesis, in regard to the positive relationship of social stressors with alcohol use, was confirmed. The best predictors of alcohol use among the social stressor variables were usual occupation, length of retirement, annual income, and subjective health status. The second hypothesis, that the social integration variables would be negatively related to alcohol use, received only moderate support. The results of the analysis indicated that six of the ten social integration variables were negatively related to alcohol use. Only three of these variables, retirement status, religious participation, and marital status, were statistically significant. Hypothesis three also was not confirmed. The introduction of the social integration variables did not substantially decrease the strength of the relationship between social stressors and alcohol use. Gender and age were also introduced as control variables for the relationship between social stressors and alcohol use. Age had only a limited impact on the zero-order relationships. Gender demonstrated a strong relationship with alcohol use. Statistical analyses indicated that gender was the strongest predictor of alcohol use of all the variables in the analysis. The nature of the zero-order relationships of four of the six stressor variables changed when gender was controlled, and the partial relationships decreased in strength. It was suggested that future research on alcohol use among the elderly should focus on gender differences.
  • Physical Description: viii, 295 leaves : ill.

Subject

  • Keyword: social stressors
  • Keyword: social integration
  • Keyword: alcohol
  • Keyword: elderly
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Older people -- Alcohol use -- Social aspects.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Older people -- Alcohol use -- Alberta -- Edmonton.

Coverage

  • Place Name: Canada - Alberta Province - Edmonton

Collection

  • Name: UNT Theses and Dissertations
    Code: UNTETD

Institution

  • Name: UNT Libraries
    Code: UNT

Rights

  • Rights Access: public
  • Rights Holder: Watson, Jack Borden
  • Rights License: copyright
  • Rights Statement: Copyright is held by the author, unless otherwise noted. All rights reserved.

Resource Type

  • Thesis or Dissertation

Format

  • Text

Identifier

  • Accession or Local Control No: 1002714453-Watson
  • Call Number: 379 N81d no.3003
  • UNT Catalog No.: b1457105
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc331581

Degree

  • Academic Department: Department of Sociology
  • Degree Discipline: Sociology
  • Degree Level: Doctoral
  • Degree Name: Doctor of Philosophy
  • Degree Publication Type: disse
  • Degree Grantor: University of North Texas