Methodological Issues in Malingering Research: The Use of Simulation Designs

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The accurate determination of malingering relies on the use of validated and clinically relevant assessment measures. Simulation design is the most often-used research design to accomplish this. However, its external validity is sometimes questioned. The goal of the thesis was to systematically evaluate these major elements: situation, incentives, and coaching. The situation in simulation studies can vary from relevant (academic failure in a college population) to irrelevant (capital murder) for the samples being studied. Incentives refer to the external motivation given to improve simulators' performance and can be positive (extra credit and monetary reward) or negative (extra time and effort). ... continued below

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vii, 168 p.

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Gillard, Nathan D. December 2010.

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This thesis is part of the collection entitled: UNT Theses and Dissertations and was provided by UNT Libraries to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 1452 times , with 16 in the last month . More information about this thesis can be viewed below.

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  • Gillard, Nathan D.

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Description

The accurate determination of malingering relies on the use of validated and clinically relevant assessment measures. Simulation design is the most often-used research design to accomplish this. However, its external validity is sometimes questioned. The goal of the thesis was to systematically evaluate these major elements: situation, incentives, and coaching. The situation in simulation studies can vary from relevant (academic failure in a college population) to irrelevant (capital murder) for the samples being studied. Incentives refer to the external motivation given to improve simulators' performance and can be positive (extra credit and monetary reward) or negative (extra time and effort). Finally, coaching refers to whether the participant receives any information on detection strategies that are designed to identify feigners. Using a large undergraduate sample in a factorial design, results indicate that a scenario familiar to the participants generally improved the believability of their responses. Coaching also improved the ability to feign convincingly, while incentive type was not associated with any change in scores. The implications of these findings for future research designs and the connection to practice are discussed.

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vii, 168 p.

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  • December 2010

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • May 4, 2011, 1:11 p.m.

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  • March 20, 2017, 2:49 p.m.

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Gillard, Nathan D. Methodological Issues in Malingering Research: The Use of Simulation Designs, thesis, December 2010; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc33153/: accessed October 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .