Depression in Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Individuals: Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Diet Page: 2
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Edwards, Kate G. Depression in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals: Physical
activity, nutrition, and diet. Master of Science (Psychology), December 2010, 132 pp.,
13 tables, references, 116 titles.
About 8.3% of individuals diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) are diagnosed
with comorbid depression, a higher rate than the general adult population. This project
examined the differences of depression symptoms experienced between diabetic and
matched non-diabetic individuals and the relationship of daily activity and nutrition
behaviors with depression between these groups. The 2005-2006 National Health and
Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was utilized to assess: depression symptoms,
diabetic glycemic control as measured by glycoginated hemoglobin (HbAlc), amount of
physical activity, percentage of macronutrients, daily frequencies of foods consumed,
and the use of nutritional food labels to make food choices. A sample of diabetic (n =
451) and non-diabetic individuals (n = 451) were matched to on age, gender, ethnicity,
and education. The diabetic individuals experienced greater depression on both
continuous and ordinal diagnostic variables. Counter to expectation, there was no
relationship observed between depression and HbAlc in diabetic individuals, r= .04, p
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Edwards, Kate G. Depression in Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Individuals: Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Diet, thesis, December 2010; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc33146/m1/2/: accessed February 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .