Gender and Earnings: Examining the Earnings Gap Between Men and Women Across Metropolitan Labor Markets

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The earnings gap between men and women, an apt indicator of women's status relative to men's, was roughly constant for the thirty-five years between 1950 and 1985. During this period women earned about 60 to 65 cents for every dollar earned by men. The purpose of this study is to analyze the determinants of this wage gap. Because much existing research suggests that a large portion of the gender gap in pay results from the segregation of women into low-paying jobs, the present study focuses on the role of gender segregation in the workplace. Other potential contributors to the earnings ... continued below

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v, 204 leaves

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Dunn, Dana December 1987.

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This dissertation is part of the collection entitled: UNT Theses and Dissertations and was provided by UNT Libraries to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 12 times . More information about this dissertation can be viewed below.

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  • Dunn, Dana

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Description

The earnings gap between men and women, an apt indicator of women's status relative to men's, was roughly constant for the thirty-five years between 1950 and 1985. During this period women earned about 60 to 65 cents for every dollar earned by men. The purpose of this study is to analyze the determinants of this wage gap. Because much existing research suggests that a large portion of the gender gap in pay results from the segregation of women into low-paying jobs, the present study focuses on the role of gender segregation in the workplace. Other potential contributors to the earnings gap are also examined (women's domestic obligations, educational attainment, women's labor force participation rates, and the industrial mix in Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas). The position of women as a group in the labor market is of primary interest in this research. Accordingly, the analysis was conducted on an aggregate level across labor markets. The data were drawn from the Bureau of the Census Census of the Population: 1980—Detailed Population Characteristics. The project uses a cross-sectional research design, the primary statistical technique used being multiple regression analysis. Findings reveal that workplace segregation and the industrial characteristics of SMSA labor markets have the strongest effect on the size of the gender-based earnings gap. Specifically, workplace segregation is positively related to the size of the earnings gap between men and women. The presence of above average levels of manufacturing activity in an SMSA is associated with a larger earnings gap while the presence of above average levels of service sector and government employment opportunities in an SMSA is associated with smaller earnings differentials between men and women. This study enhances the understanding of the effects of structural variables on the earnings determination process for men and women and provides insight into the collective situation of women in the labor market.

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v, 204 leaves

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  • Accession or Local Control No: 1002715232-Dunn
  • Library of Congress Control Number: 379 N81d no.2771
  • UNT Catalog No.: b1432740 | External Link
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc331372

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UNT Theses and Dissertations

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  • December 1987

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  • Aug. 22, 2014, 6 p.m.

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  • April 26, 2016, 6:30 p.m.

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Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Dunn, Dana. Gender and Earnings: Examining the Earnings Gap Between Men and Women Across Metropolitan Labor Markets, dissertation, December 1987; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc331372/: accessed August 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .