The Effect on Learning of Geographic Instruction Designed for Students' Verbal and Spatial Abilities

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The purpose of this study was to compare student scores on geographic skills in the experimental group with student scores on geographic skills in the control group after adjustment was made in teaching methods and learning materials for verbal and spatial ability for students in the experimental group. Hypotheses tested at the .05 level were as follows. 1. Females would score higher than males on a criterion measure of verbal ability. 2. Males would score higher than females on a criterion measure of spatial ability. 3. Experimental/verbal students would score higher on a geography skills posttest. 4. Experimental/spatial students would ... continued below

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iv, 394 leaves: ill., maps

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Flatt, Crystal Adonna Lee December 1985.

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  • Flatt, Crystal Adonna Lee

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The purpose of this study was to compare student scores on geographic skills in the experimental group with student scores on geographic skills in the control group after adjustment was made in teaching methods and learning materials for verbal and spatial ability for students in the experimental group. Hypotheses tested at the .05 level were as follows. 1. Females would score higher than males on a criterion measure of verbal ability. 2. Males would score higher than females on a criterion measure of spatial ability. 3. Experimental/verbal students would score higher on a geography skills posttest. 4. Experimental/spatial students would score higher on a geography skills posttest. 5. The experimental group would score higher than the control group on a geography skills posttest. The sample was 150 high school United States History students in a medium-sized North Texas school district. Analysis of covariance was used to analyze results of the study of six classes after fifteen days of instruction in physical geography concepts. Experimental classes received geographic instruction directed to verbal and spatial abilities; control group classes received traditional geographic instruction which utilized textbook, lecture, and whole-group instruction. Three high schools participated in the study. Conclusions were that males and females did not differ significantly on verbal and spatial abilities. Values between pretest and posttest for both experimental and control groups were significant, but when adjusted for the covariates of verbal and spatial ability, control/verbal learners' posttest scores were significantly higher than experimental/verbal learners' posttest scores. Spatial/ experimental learners' posttest scores and spatial/control learners' posttest scores were compared, and the result was no significant difference when cell means were adjusted for the higher spatial/experimental learners' spatial ability. The practice of teaching geography through the use of textbook and whole-group instruction resulted in larger learning gains than the practice of using different materials directed toward different learning styles within the same classroom and with no textbook.

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iv, 394 leaves: ill., maps

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UNT Theses and Dissertations

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  • December 1985

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  • Aug. 22, 2014, 6 p.m.

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  • May 2, 2016, 11:33 a.m.

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Flatt, Crystal Adonna Lee. The Effect on Learning of Geographic Instruction Designed for Students' Verbal and Spatial Abilities, dissertation, December 1985; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc331196/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .