Physique Attitudes and Self-Presentational Concerns: Exploratory Interviews with Female Group Aerobic Exercisers and Instructors Page: 191
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Physique Attitudes and Self-Presentational Concerns
Table I. Participants' Characteristics
Experience Current involvement Experience Current involvement
(No. of years (No. of classes (No. of years (No. of classes
Instructors Age (years) BMI teaching) taught/week) Exercisers Age (years) BMI doing aerobics) taken/week)
1 50 18.16 10 6 1 23 26.33 6 3
2 47 23.31 19 5 2 24 21.98 8 3
3 22 18.63 2 5-6 3 23 24.86 7 3
4 24 22.71 2 5-6 4 25 29.30 2 3
5 23 25.64 1 4-5 5 21 20.75 3 3
6 21 23.43 3 3
instructors' and exercisers' appearance-related ex-
pectations and their perceptions of exercise leaders.
Participants included 5 White female group aer-
obics instructors and 6 White female group aero-
bics exercisers from a large university in the south-
ern United States (see Table I). Purposeful sampling
(Patton, 1990) was used to identify instructors and
exercisers involved in the basic physical activities
program at the university. The exercisers ranged in
age from 21 to 25 years, and they reported regular
involvement in group aerobics classes for 2-8 years.
The instructors ranged in age from 22 to 50 years,
and they had 1-19 years of teaching experience. They
were currently teaching between 4 and 6 days each
week. Self-reported height and weight were used to
calculate body mass index (BMI) for each partici-
pant. BMI among the exercisers ranged from 20.75
to 29.30 kg/m2. Among the instructors, BMI ranged
from 18.16 to 25.64 kg/m2.
terview questions were logically ordered, understood
by the interviewees, and elicited responses reflective
of the targeted content. Only minor changes to the
wording of the main questions in the interview guide
resulted from the pilot study (see Appendix A for
interview guide). Both interviewers had had experi-
ence as group aerobic exercisers and instructors.
Semi-structured interviews were subsequently
conducted, tape-recorded, and transcribed verbatim.
Prior to beginning each interview, the interviewer
requested verbal consent to tape record the inter-
view. Interview transcriptions resulted in a total of
83 pages of single spaced text. Following procedures
outlined by Miles and Huberman (1994), transcripts
were content analyzed individually by each inter-
viewer and the first author. Themes (i.e., quotes or
paraphrased quotes) were identified and grouped
into similar responses. The researchers then met to
discuss their analyses. In the case of disagreement,
discussion ensued until consensus was reached. A
summary of each interview was sent to each partic-
ipant to allow them to verify that the researchers' in-
terpretations were accurate. In addition, participants
were invited to provide any clarification that they
thought was necessary. All participants verified that
their summary was accurate.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Approval for the present study was provided by
the Institutional Review Board. All participants were
informed of their rights as volunteers in this study,
provided with information regarding the nature of
the study, and assured of the anonymity of their re-
sponses. Interviews were conducted by the second
and third authors. The second author conducted all
of the interviews with the exercisers, and the third au-
thor conducted all of the interviews with the instruc-
tors. Each interviewer completed one pilot interview
and a preliminary data analysis to ensure that the in-
Two higher order themes were identified from
the interview data: (a) perceived body ideals and (b)
body image experiences in the group aerobics con-
text. Within the higher order theme of perceived
body ideals, four lower order themes were identi-
fied: constrained body ideals, functional body ideals,
attainability of body ideals, and body ambivalence.
The higher order theme of body image experiences
in the group aerobics context included four lower or-
der themes: accomplishment, body awareness, body
coping, and instructors as role models.
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Greenleaf, Christy; McGreer, Rosemary & Parham, Heather. Physique Attitudes and Self-Presentational Concerns: Exploratory Interviews with Female Group Aerobic Exercisers and Instructors, article, February 2006; [New York, New York]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31089/m1/3/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Education.