Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress Page: 5
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OF DEBATES IN CONGRESS.
Dec. 13—14, 1824.]
[Sen. & H It.
when, in tl\eir names, and by you, Mr. Speaker, I atn
declared to have, in every instance, been faithful to
those. American principles of liberty, equality, and true
social order, the devotion to which, as it has been from
my earliest youth, so it shall continue to be to my latest
"You have been pleased, Mr. Speaker, to allude to
the peculiar Felicity of my situation, when, after so long
an absence, I am called to witness the immense improve-
ments, the admirable communications, the prodigious
creations, of which we find an example in this City,
whose name itself is a venerated Palladium; in a word,
all the grandeur and prosperity of these happy United
States, which, at the same time they nobly secure the
complete assertion of American Independence, reflect
on every part of the world the light of a far superior po-
" What better pledge can be given of a persevering
national love of liberty, when those blessings were evi-
dently the result of a virtuous resistance to oppression,
and of institutions founded on the rights of man and the
Republican principle of self-government? No, Mr.
Speaker, posterity has not begun for me—since, in the
sons of my companions and friends, I find the same pub-
lic feelings, and permit me to add, the same feelings in
my behalf, which I have had the happiness to experience
in their fathers.
" Sir, I have been allowed, forty years ago, before a
Committee of a Congress of thirteen States, to express
the fond wishes of an American heart. On this day I
have the honor, and enjoy the delight, to congratulate
the Representatives of ihe Onion, so vastly enlarged, on
the realization of those wishes, even beyond every hu.
man expectation, and upon the almost infinite prospects
we can with certainty anticipate.
" Permit me, Mr. Speaker, and gentlemen of the
House of Representatives, to join, to the expression of
those sentiments, a tribute of my lively gratitude, affec-
tionate devotion, and profound respect."
After the General and the Members had resumed
their seats, and a short pause occurred,
Mr. MITCHELL, the organ of the Committee of re-
ception, moved an adjournment.
The motion was agreed to, and the House was ad-
journed to Monday.
The SPEAKER then descended from the Chair, and
most affectionately saluted the General. His example
was followed by the Members of the House, individually,
and some time was spent in this agreeable manner be-
fore the Gesekai. retired.
The bill was then passed nem. con. and sent to the
Senate for concurrence.
An engrossed bill, also of the last session, " authoriz-
ing repayment for land erroneously sold by the United
States," was read a third time, passes, and sent to the
Senate for concurrence.
On proceeding to call over the toll of bills reported at
the last session, and laid over—
Mr. FULLER, of Massachusetts, moved that the House
go into committee of the whole on that bill which pro-
poses to authorize the building of ten additional sloops
of war. The motion was negatived—ayes 72, noes 79.
The House then went into committee of the whole,
Mr. LATlIROP in the Chair, on the bill more effectually
to provide for the punishment of certain crimes against
the United States, and for other purposes. The bill
having been read in part, Mr. BARBOUR, expressing
an opinion that its provisions were inadequate to cover
all cases necessary to be provided for, and that it would
probably require additional provisions, moved that the
committee rise and report progress. The committee
rose accordingly, and liad leave to sit again.
HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES—Dec. 13, 1824
The engrossed bill (lying over from last session) " to
authorize the state of Ohio to sell and convey certain
tracts of land granted to said state for the use of the
people thereof," was read a third time.
Mr. VINTON, of Ohio, rose, and explained the object
of this bill, and the considerations which recommended
its passage. The grant of these lands, on account of the
salt springs upon the:n, to the state of Ohio, was subject
to the condition that the state should not sell them, nor
lease them for a longer term than ten years. The ob-
ject of this reservation was, to prevent a monopoly of
this indispensable article of subsistence. Since this
grant, however, it had been ascertained that there was
in the state an abundance of resources for the manufac-
ture of salt; and springs had been discovered and work-
ed, so superior in the quantity and quality of the salt, as
entirely to supersede the use of those on the reserved
lands. 1 hese lands were, consequently, in their present
condition, of no value to the state, and the state, there-
fore, wished to be allowed to dispose of them. The
state alone was interested in this question, the United
States having neither title to, nor interest in, these lands,
having ceded both to the state of Ohio.
IN SENATE—Tuesday, Dec. 14,1824.
On motion of Mr. BARBOUR,
Resolved, That so much of the President's message as
relates to Foreign Affairs, be referred to the Committee
on "Foreign Relations.
[The (notion of Mr. BARBOUR, it was understood,
comprehended, besides others, that portion of the Mes-
sage which relates to arrangements for the suppression
of piracy and of pirates oil the Island of Cuba, &c as well
as on the water. The question of reference gave rise to
some conversation on the part of Mr. BARBOUR, Mr.
HAYNE, and Mr LLOYD, of Mass. which was interest-
ing, as it indicated a strong desire and determination it)
the Senate to leave no effort unemployed to effectually
protect our commerce from piracy in the West Indian
seas, and to extirpate the freebooters who now, by the
facilities of concealment afforded to them in the Island
of Cuba, &c prey on our commerce, and commit such
atrocities on those who fall into their hands. In the
course of the conversation, Mr. HAYNE and Mr. LLOYD
both intimated an intention they had respectively form-
ed, to bring the subject fully before the Senate, by spe-
Mr. BENTON presented the petition of 'sundry inha-
bitants of the state of Missouri, or. the subject of a trade
and intercourse between that state and the internal Pro-
vinces of Mexico.
[This petition recited, that a beneficial trade had been
carried on for some years between the inhabitants of the
two countries, in which domestic cottons and other
articles had been carried out. from the United States,
and gold, silver, furs, and mules, brought back in re-
turn ; that the intervening tribes of Indians presented
the only obstacle to the successful prosecution of the
trade upon a large scale ; that the merchandise had to
be carried through a tract of country inhabited by differ-
ent trihes, to enter whose territory, without a licence,
Was penal under the laws of the United States, and dan-
gerous, unless the consent of the tribes was previously
obtained ; that some outrages to persons, and repeated
depredations on property, had already been committed;
and that a total interruption to the commercial and so-
cial intercourse, so happily began in that quarter be-
tween the citizens of the two Republics, might be ap-
preliended, unless the Government of the United States
interposed for its protection. The petition, therefore,
1. That the right of an unmolested passage, for per-
sons and property, upon a designated route, between
the frontiers of Missouri and the intern:.1 provinces of
Mexico, might be obtained by treaty stipulations from
the Indians referred to.
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Gales, Joseph, 1761-1841. Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress, book, 1825; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30752/m1/7/: accessed January 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.