Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress Page: 94
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94 APPENDIX—To Gales & Beaton's Register.
Session ss' ( Laws of the United Stales.
States, shali be received and conveyed by post, free of postage. Each Postmaster, provided each of his letters or
packets shall not exceed half an ounce in weight; each member of the Senate, and each member and delegate of
the House of Representatives of the Congress of the United States, the Secretary of the Senate, and Clerk of the
House of Representatives, provided each letter or packet, (except documents printed by the order of either
House of Congress,) shall not exceed two ounces in weight, and during their actual attendance in any session of
Congress, and sixty days before and after such session; and in case of excess of weight, that excess alone shall
be paid for; the President of the United States, Vice President, the Secretaries of State, of the Treasury, of War,
of the Navy, Attorney General,Postmaster General, and the Assistants Postmaster General, the Comptrollers of the
Treasury, Auditors, Register, Treasurer, and Commissioner of the General Land Office, and such individuals who
shall have been, or may hereafter be, President of the United States, and each may receive newspapers by post,
free of postage: Provided, That Postmasters shall not receive, free of postage, more than one daily newspaper,
each, or what is equivalent thereto ; nor shall members of the Senate, or of the House of Representatives, the
Clerk of the House, or Secretary of the Senate, receive newspapers, fteeof postage, after their privilege of frank-
ing shall cease.
Sec. 28. And be it further enacted, That, if any person shall frank any letter or letters, other than those written
by himself, or by his order, on the business of his office, he shall, on conviction thereof, pay a fine of ten dollars,
and it shall be the especial duty of Postmasters to prosecute for said offence : Provided, That the Secretary of the
•Treasury, Secretary of State, Secretary of War, Secretary of the Navy, and Postmaster General, may frank letters
Or packets on official business, prepared in any other public office, in the absence of the principal thereof. And
if any person, having the right to receive his letters free of postage, shall receive enclosed to him any letter or
packet addressed to a person not having that right, it shall be his duty to return the same to the post office, mark-
ing thereon the place from whence it came, that it may be charged with postage. And if any person shall coun-
terfeit the hand writing or frank of any person, or cause the same to be done, in order to avoid the payment of
postage, each person, so offending, shall pay for every such offence, five hundred dollars.
Sec. 29. .Andbe it further enacted, That every printer of newspapers may send one paper to each and ev-
ery other printer of newspapers within the United States, free of postage, under such regulations as the Postmas-
ter General snail provide.
Sec. 30. And be it further enacted, That all newspapers conveyed in the mail shall be under cover, open at one
end, and charged with <i postage of one cent each, for any distance not more than one hundred miles, and one
and a half cents for any greater distance : Provided, That the postage of a single newspaper from any one place
to another in the same state, shall not exceed one cent, and the Postmaster General shall require those who re-
ceive newspapers by post, to pay always the amount of one quarter's postage in advance; and should the pub-
lisher of any newspaper, after being three months previously notified that his paper is not taken out of the office,
to which it is sent for delivery, continue to forward such paper in the mail, the postmaster to whose office such
paper is sent, may dispose of the same for the postage, unless the publisher shall pay it. If any person employed
in an}' department of the post office, shall improperly detain, delay, embezzle, or destroy any newspaper, or shall
permit any other person to do the like, or shall open, or permit any other to open, any mail or packet of newspa-
pers, not directed to the office where he is employed, such offender shall, on conviction thereof, forfeit a sum,
not exceeding fifty dollars, for every such offence. And if any other person shall open any mail or packet of news-
papers, or shall-embezzle or destroy the same, not being directed to such person, or not being authorized to re-
ceive or open the same, such offender shall, on conviction thereof, pay a sum not exceeding twenty dollars, foe
every such offence. And if any person shall take, or steal, any packet, bag, or mail of newspapers, from or out
of any post offic.-, or from any person having custody thereof, such person shall, on conviction, be imprisoned,
not exceeding three months, for every such offence, to be kept at hard labor during the period of such imprison-
ment. If any person shall enclose or conceal a letter, or other thing, or any memorandum in writing, in a news-
paper, pamphlet, or magazine, or in any package of newspapers, pamphlets, or magazines, or make any writing or
memorandum thereon, which he shall have delivered into any post office, or to any person for that purpose, inor-
■ <]er that the same may be carried by post free of letter postage, he shall forfeit the sum of five dollars for every
such offence , and the letter, newspaper, package, memorandum, or other thing, shall not be delivered to the
person to whom it is directed, until the amount of single letter postage is paid for each article of which the pack-
age is composed. No newspapers shall be received i>y the Postmasters, to be conveyed by post, unless they are
sufficiently dried, and enclosed in proper wrappers, on which, besides the direction, shall be noted the number of
papers which are enclosed for subscribers, and the number for printers : Provided, that the number need not be
endorsed if the publisher shall agree to furnish the postmaster, at the close of each quarter, a certified statement
of the number of papers sent in the mail chargeable with postage.
The Postmaster General, in any contract he may enter into for the conveyance of the mail, may authorize the
person with whom such contract is to be made, to carry newspapers, magazines, and pamphlets, other than those
conveyed in the mail: Provided, That no preference shali be given to the publisher of one newspaper over that
of another, in the same place. When the mode of conveyance, and the size of the mail, will admit of it, such ma-
gazines and pamphlets as are published periodically, may be transported in the mail, to subscribers, at one and. a
jaif cents a sheet, for any distance not exceeding one hundred miles, and two and a half cents for any greater dis-
tance. And such magazines and pamphlets as are not published periodically, if sent in the mail, shall be charged
with a postage of four cents on each sheet, for any distance not exceeding one hundred miles, and six cents for any
Sec. 31. And be it further enacted, That, if any Postmaster, or other person authorized to receive the postage of
letters and packets, shall neglect or refuse to render his accounts, and pay over to the Postmaster General the bal-
ance by him due, at the end of every three months, it shali be the duty of the Postmaster General to cause a suit
to be commenced against the person or persons so neglecting or refusing. That all suits, which shall be hereafter
commenced, for the recovery of debts or balances due to the General Post Office, whether they appear by bcyid
or obligations, made in the name of the existing, or any preceding Postmaster General, or otherwise, shall be in-
stituted in the name of the " Postmaster General of the United States." That certified statements, under the seal
of the General Post Office, of the accounts of the-several Postmasters and contractors, after the same shall have
been examined and adjusted at that office, shall be admitted as evidence in all suits brought by the Postmaster
General for the recovery of balances or debts due from Postmasters or contractors; anc! also, certified copies of the
quarterly accounts of Postmasters; or, if lodged in the Treasury, copies, certified by the Register, under the sea<
of his office, shall be admi*ted as evidence.
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Gales, Joseph, 1761-1841. Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress, book, 1825; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30752/m1/470/: accessed April 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.