Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress Page: 92
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92 APPENDIX— To Gales & Section's Kegistef.
18th Congress, ? 0r the United States.
2(1 session'- > j
pages of any pamphlet or magazine shall also be considered a sheet; and the journals of the legislatures of the se-
veral states, not being bound, shall be liable to the same postage as pamphlets.
Any memorandum which shall be written on a newspaper, or other printed paper, pamphlet, or magazine, and
transmitted by mail, shall be charged with letter postage : Provided, The publisher of a newspaper may send a
printed or written notice to a subscriber, stating the amount due on his subscription; which notice shall be attach-
ed to the margin of the newspaper, and the postmaster who delivers the paper shall charge for such notice the
same postage as for a newspaper.
Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That the Postmaster General be, and he is hereby authorized to allow to each
postmaster, such commission on the postages by him collected, as shall be adequate to his services and expenses :
Provided, That his commission shall not exceed the following several rates on the amount received in one quar-
ter, viz :
On a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars, thirty per cent.
On any sum over and above the first hundred dollars, and not exceeding four hundred dollars, twenty-five per
On any sum over and above the first four hundred dollars, and not exceeding two thousand four hundred dol-
lars, twenty per cent.
On any sum over and above the first two thousand four hundred dollars, eight per cent.
Except to the Postmasters who may be employed in receiving and despatching foreign mails, whose compensa-
tion may be augmented, not exceeding twenty-five dollars in one quarter; and excepting to the Postmasters at
offices where the mail is regularly to arrive between the hours of nine o'clock at night and five o'clock in the
morning, whose commission on the first hundred dollars collected in one quarter, may be increased to a sum not
exceeding fifty per cent. The Postmaster General may allow to the Postmasters, respectively, a commission of
fifty percent, on the moneys arising from the postage of newspapers, magazines, and pamphlets; and to the
Postmasters whose compensation shall not exceed five hundred dollars in one quarter, two cents for every free
letter delivered out of the office, excepting such as are for the Postmaster himself; and each Postmaster, who
shall be required to keep a register of the arrival and departure of the mails, shall be allowed ten cents for each
monthly return which he makes thereof to the General Post Office. The Postmaster General may allow to the
Postmaster at New Orleans, at the rate of eight hundred dollars a year, in addition to his ordinary commissions.
The Postmaster General is hereby authorized to allow to the Postmaster of the City of Washington, in addition to
the allowance made by this act, for postage collected, and for free letters received by him for delivery, a commis-
sion of five per cent, on the amount of mails distributed at his office: Provided, nevertheless, That the whole annual
emolument of the said Postmaster, including the extra compensation of eight hundred dollars which is hereby al-
lowed him, shall be subject to the restrictions imposed by the forty-first section of this act.
Sec 15 And be it farther enacted, That every letter or packet, brought into the United States, or carried from
one port therein to another, in any private ship or vessel, shall be charged with six cents, if delivered at the Post
Office where the same shall arrive ; and if destined to be conveyed by post to any place, with two cents added to
the ordinary r ites of postage.
Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That, if any Postmaster, or other person, authorized by the Postmaster
General to receive the postage of letters, shall fraudulently demand or receive any rate of postage, or gratuity, or
reward, other than is provided by this act, for the postage of letters, or packets, on conviction thereof, he shall
forfeit, for every such oft' -nce, one hundred dollars.
Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That no ship or vessel, arriving at any port within the United States where
a Post Office is established, shall De permitted to report, make entry, or break bulk, until the master or command-
er shall have delivered to the Postmaster all letters directed to any person or persons within the United States, or
the territories thereof, which, under his care, or within his power, shall be brought in such ship or vessel, except
such as are directed to the owner or consignee of the ship or vessel. And it shall be the duty of the Collector or
other officer of the port empowered to receive entries of ships or vessels, to require from every master or com-
mander of such ship or vessel, an oath or affirmation, purporting that he has delivered all such letters, except as
aforesaid; and if any commander or master of any such ship or vessel shall break bulk before he shall have com-
plied with the requirements of this act, every such-offender shall, on conviction thereof, forfeit, for every such of-
fence, a su n not exceeding one hundred dollars.
Sec. 18. And be it farther enacted, That the Postmaster, to whom such letters may be delivered, shall pay the
master or commander, or other person delivering the same, except the commanders of foreign packets, two cents
for each letter or packet; and shall obtain from the person delivering the same, a certificate, specifying the num-
ber of letters and packets, with the name of the ship or vessel, and the place from whence she last sailed ; which
certificate, together with a receipt for the money, shall be, with his quarterly accounts, transmitted to the Post-
master General, who shall credit him with the amount.
Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That no stage or other vehicle, which regularly performs trips on a Post
Jtoad, or on a road parallel to it, shall convey letters; nor shall any packet, boat, or other vessel, which regularly
plies on a water declared to be a Post Uoad, except such as relate to some part of the cargo. For the viohiiou
of til is provision, the owner of the carriage, or other vehicle, or vessel, shall incur the penally of fifty doifsrs.
And the person who has charge of such carriage, or otiier vehicle, or vessel, may be prosecuted under this sec-
tion, and the property in his charge may be levied on and sold, in satisfaction of the penalty and costs of suit.
Provided, That it shall be lawful for any one to send letters by special messenger.
Sec. 20. And be it farther enacted. That the Deputy Postmaster, and other agents of the Postmaster General,
shall duly account, and answer to him for all way letters which shall come to their hands; and for this purpose,
tile Post riders, and other carriers of the mail, receiving any way letter or letters, (and it shall be their dutv to re-
ceive them, if presented more than one mile from a Post Office,) shail deliver the same, together with the post-
age, if paid, at the first Post Office to which they shall afterwards arrive ; where the Postmaster shall duly enter the
same, and specify the number and rate or rates, in the post bill, adding to the rate of each way letter, one cent ;
which shall be paid by the Postmaster to the mail carrier from whom such way letters shall be received.
Sec. 21. And be it farther enacted, That, if any person employed in any of the departments of the Post Office
establishment, shall unlawfully detain, delay, or open, any letter, packet, bag;, or mail of letters, with which he
shall be entrusted, or which shall have come to his possession, and which are intended to be conveyed by post ;
or, if any such person shall secrete, embezzle, or destroy, any letter or packet entrusted to such person as afore-
saidj and wbicli shall not contain any security for, or assurance relating' to, money, as hereinafter described, every
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Gales, Joseph, 1761-1841. Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress, book, 1825; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30752/m1/468/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.