Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress Page: 72
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APPENDIX—To Gales & Beaton's Register.
18th Congress,? Commercial Relations between the U. States and the Netherlands. f"H. of R,.
ession. ) l
subject. 1 shall give them, of course, the most punctual
attention, and lake any farther measures that they may
I have the honor to be, with high respect,
Sir, your very obedient humble servant,
A. II. EVERETT.
Hon. JoiiirCioiscT Adams,
Secretary of State.
Postscript.—Since writing the above, I have received
from Mr. Reinhold a preliminary answer to my note, of
■which I have the honor to add a copy.
Jtfr. Everett to the Chevalier de Reinhold,
Brussels, February 20, 1824.
Sir : I have the honor to inform your Excellency that
the privileges granted to the Dutch flag, in the ports of
the United States, by the act of the 20tli of April, 1818,
■which expired at the close of the last year, have been
renewed by the late law of January 9. As soon as I re-
ceive an authentic copy of the new act, I shall take the
liberty of sending it to you. You will find in the Brus-
sels Journal of the 16th inst. a French translation, which
appears to be correct.
The passage of this law confirms the assurances which
I gave to your predecessor, the Baron de Nagell, that
the act of March 3, 1819, repealing that of April 20,1818,
was merely formal, and that the Government had no in-
tention to abandon the system. The new act extends
the privileges, granted by the former one, to all such
foreign powers as may allow the same privileges to us
in their ports, and for the same length of time. If any
foreign power shall revoke these privileges, our law
xvill cease to have its effect, in regard to such power.
Hence, if the Government ot the Netherlands shall so
modify its new regulations as to make them inapplicable
to the American trade, they will thereby retain the ad-
vantages they now enjoy in the ports of the Republic.
If, on the contrary, they persist in putting these regula-
tions in force against us, the President of the United
States is authorized by the law to withdraw these pri-
vileges immediately, and to place the Dutch flag upon
the footing of that of the least favored nations, by sub-
jecting it to the additional duties that are levied upon
As the principal cause, which appears to have occa-
sioned the application of the new rules to the trade of
the United States, no longer exists, the American Go-
vernment have, perhaps, some right to flatter themselves
that the effect will cease with it, and that the King will
be disposed to continue, or rather to restore the equaliz-
ing system. Without entering now into the train of rea-
soning upon this subject, which I have already pursued
at sufficient length in my former notes, I shall content
myself upon the present occasion with remarking, that
the answer with I may carry to my Government, upon
my return to the United States, will probably be regard-
ed as final; and that it would give me great pleasure to
be the bearer of one that should tend, by its character,
to strengthen the bonds of amity and good understand-
ing that now so happily unite the two countries.
1 have the honor to be, with high respect,
Sir, your Excellency's very obed't. serv't.
A. II. EVERETT.
J. G. fieiuhold to Everett.
. Slit: t have taken care to communicate without de-
lay to the Department of Public Industry, the note which
you did me the honor to address to me on the 20tli of
this month, on the subject of the law of the 7th January,
by which the Government of the United States has re- j
iiewtd the principal dispositions in favor of the com-1
merce of the Netherlands, from that of the 20th April,
1818, expired on the 31st December last, except the
modification, in what concerns the navigation of the Re-
public, of articles of the new system of impositions in
the Netherlands, which establish discriminations against
1 have likewise informed His Majesty, as well of the
course which you are about to pursue, as of the conse-
quence which I have provisionally given to it, and I shall
not fail, sir, to inform you of the determination which
shall be taken in that regard, as soon as I shall be in-
formed of it.
In the mean time, I take this occasion, sir, to renew
to you the assurance of my very distinguished consider-
J. G. REINHOLD.
Hague, 20th February, 1824.
Extract of a letter from A?r. Everett to Mr. Adams, (No.
Bbdsseis, 23d March, 1824.
" A file of the Intelligencer came to hand a few days
ago, which contained the new law respecting the dis-
criminating duties, I immediately transmitted a copy
of it to the Minister of Foreign Aff airs, accompanied by
a short note, of which 1 have the honor to enclose a
JITr. Everett to the Chevalier de Reinhold.
Bkusseis, March 22, 1824.
Sin: I have the honor to transmit herewith to your
Excellency, a copy of the new law mentioned in my note
of the 20th of February. You will perceive that it se-
cures all the privileges granted to the Dutch flag by the
act of April 20, 1818, and particularly that of transport-
ing to the United States, upon a footing of equality, the
products of the interior of Europe. This provision was,
I believe, omitted in the French translation of the act,
published by the Brussels Journal.
I nave had occasion, in several preceding notes, to
offer to the consideration of His Majesty's Government
such remarks as I thought would place the subject in
its proper light: and I deem it unnecessary to renew
the discussion at present. Requesting your Excellency
to communicate the enclosed law to His Majesty the
1 have the honor to be, with high respect, sir,
Your Excellency's verv obedient servant,
" A H. EVERETT.
Of the Committee of Ways and Means on the state
of the Public Debt, accompanied with a bill au-
thorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to bor-
row a sum not exceeding twelve millions of
dollars, 4*e. #c.—Januuary 12. 1825.
The Committee of Ways and Means, to whom has been
referred the " Report from the Secretary of the Trea-
sury on the state of the Finances," of the 31st Decem-
ber last, Report:
That, in considering so much of the said report as re-
lates to the public debt of the United States, it appears,
that, on the first day of January, 1826, there will be re-
deemable of the six per cent, stock of 1813, $19,000,000,
and that the ordinary revenues of the year will not be
adequate to the reimbursement of more than $7,000,000,
leaving an excess of $12,000,000 to be provided for.
The whole amount of the public debt, including the
loan of 15,000,000, at 4J per cent, authorized by the act
of the 26th of May last, is found to be 588,545,003 38.
Of this sum, $2,500,000 of the last mentioned loan not
having been actually paid to the United States, could
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Gales, Joseph, 1761-1841. Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress, book, 1825; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30752/m1/448/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.