Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress Page: 67
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APPENDIX—To Gales § Section's Register.
18th Congress, ? Commercial Relations between the U.Stale* and the Netherlands. I'H. of R.
2d session. s l
national and foreign vessels, is merely an acknowledg-
ment of the receipt of the note. As the principal object
of the new financial system is to encourage the com-
merce and navigation of this country, it is perhaps hardh
to be expected that the exception which I have sug-
gested in favor of the United States, will be admitted.
If it is not, a partial repeal of the law of the 20th of
April, 1818, will probably be thought necessary. Hut,
as this measure cannot be taken till the meeting of the
next Congress, there will be ample time in the interval
to receive the definitive answer of this Government."
" A separate discriminating duty in favor of national
vessels has also been imposed, since the commencement
of this year, upon the importation of coffee from Bata-
via, which is to be in force until the end of 1824."
Mr. Everett to the Baron cle JVagell.
Brussels, March 7, 1823.
Sib: The new Tariff, which has recently gone into
operation, contains several articles affecting the com-
mercial relations between this country and the United
States. I think it my duty to invite your Excellency's
attention to these articles, and to point out the manner
in which they will operate upon the American trade.
Your Excellency will recollect that the Government
of the United States, by the law of the 20th of April,
1818, extended to the ships of the Netherlands, ar-
riving in the pom of the Repuulic, nearly the same
privileges that are enjoyed by our own. They pay the
same tonnage duty, and also the same duties on their
cargoes, as far as these consist of articles, being of the
growth or manufacture of the Netherlands, or of such
neighboring countries as usually ship their products
from the Dutch ports. These privileges were granted
to the commerce of the Netherlands in consequence of
the adoption, in this kingdom, of the law ot October 3,
1816, which abolished the discriminating tonnage duty,
and of the understanding that there was no other discrim-
inating duties in force. It any change were to take pi ce
in the laws of this kingdom, in either of these respects,
the natural consequence would be a corresponding
change in those of the United States.
I regret to find that the new financial system appears
to contemplate some important alterations of this de-
scription. Several articles of the tariff establish a differ-
ence of duties in favor ot goods imported in Dutch ves-
sels: and the law of 26th August, 1822, creates, in the
form of a drawback, a general discrimination to the
sameeffect; the 10th article being as follows: One tenth
of the duties paid the importation. ot exportation, of
all roods, shall he returned -when the same are imported, or
exported in Dutch vessels, excepting those articles, of
■which the importation and exportation in Dutch vessels, are
otherwise specifically favored by the tariff.
It has always been the wish ot the Government ot the
United States, to lend its aid in placing the commerce
of the world upon the most liberal footing. With tins
view, it was proposed to all the powers of Europe, soon
after the close of the late wars, to abolish, mutually , all
discriminating duties on tonnage ; and the proposition
having been, in substance, accepted by the Government
of the Netherlands, the arrangement took effect between
the two countries. As it was also understood that no
other discriminating duties existed, a similar legu ation
was established in favor of goods imported in Dutch
vessels, into the United States. It is obvious, however,
that these privileges cannot be continued upon any other
principle than that of reciprocity. It would not suit,
either with the honor or interest of the United States,
that the merchants of the Netherlands should enjoy, in
our ports, the same advantages with native citizens,
while our merchants were subjected m this country to
unfavorable discriminations. If this Government is
resolved to abandon the equalizing system, wUith lgil
to the enaction of our law of April 20, 1818, the im-
mediate and necessary consequence will be, the repeal
of that law, as far as it applies to the vessels of the
I must, therefore, take the liberty of requesting your
Excellency to inform me, whether it is the intention of
the Government of this country, that the new principles,
introduced by the late tariff', shall be applied to the
American trade. The Government of the United States
has no wish to interpose, in any way, with the policy of
the Netherlands; and has never sought, or accepted, ex-
clusive or onerous commercial advantages in the ports of
any nation. The liberal system which has lately pre-
vailed, in the intercourse between the two countries,
was regarded as mutually beneficial, nnd as conformable
to the general spirit of the administration of both. I
assure your Excellency, that my Government would
regret to find itself compelled to depart from this sys-
tem ; and 1 venture to hope that you will furnish me
with such explanations as may shew that a measure of
that kind will not be necessary.
I have the honor to be, with high respect, Sir,
Your Excellency's obedient servant,
A. H. EVERETT.
Extract of a letter (A"o. 105) from Mr. Everett to Mrf
Brussels, June 1, 1823.
" I transmit, herewith, copies of an answerfrom Baron
de Nagell, to my note of the 7th of March, respecting
the discriminating duty established by the new provin-
cial system, and of my reply."
Baron de Nagell to Mr. Everett.
The undersigned, Minister of Foreign Affairs, being
eager to lay before the King the note which Mr. Everett,
Charge d' Affaires ot the United States of America, sent
him, of the 7th of this month, has the honor of informing
him, that the observations which it contains on the new
system of imposts of the kingdom of the Netherlands, as
far as it applies to the commerce of the United States,
shall be immediately taken into grave consideration.
The undersigned flatters himself with being shortly
enabled to give to Mr. Everett the desired explana-
tions on this subject, and embraces this occasion to
renew to him the'assurance of his distinguished consi-
A. W. C. de NAGELL.
Brussels, 10th March, 1823.
Baron deJYatrcll to Mr. Everett.
The new system of duties introduced into thelKingdom
of the Netherlands, having naturally appeared to the
Government of the United States of America to produce
a change in the commercial relations between the two
countries, Mr. Everett had thought it his duty to de-
mand, by the note which he had done him the honor of
addressing to the undersigned Minister of Foreign Affairs
on the 7th of March last, explanations proper to tran-
quiljze in this regard the Government of the United
StThe Khig hSst auAorized'the'undersigned to give
b'S'£i" at p-rJ",h' -r
tariff of duties of entry and clearance, is the argument
uijon whMi Mr. Everett founds his representations. The
aS^-tsa drawback often per cent, othedunes
on merchandise imported or exportedbyt.ev esselsot
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Gales, Joseph, 1761-1841. Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress, book, 1825; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30752/m1/443/: accessed July 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.