Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress Page: 66
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APPENDIX—To Gales and Section's Begister.
A Convention between the United States and Russia. [Sen. & H. of R.
Privy Counsellor, Member of the Council of State, Se-
cretary of State directing the administration of Foreign
Affairs, actual Chamberlain, Knight of the order of St.
Alexander Nevsky, Grand Cross of the order of St. Wla-
dimir of the first class, Knight of that of the White Eagle
of Poland, Grand Cross of the order of St. Stephen o.f Him*
gary, Knight of the orders of the Holy Ghost and of St.
Michael, and Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor of
France, Knight Grand Cross of the orders of the Black
and of the Red Eagle of Prussia, of the Annunciation of
Sardinia, of Charles III. of Spain, of St. Ferdinand and
of Merit of Naples, of the Elephant of Denmark, of the
Polar Star of Sweden, of the Crown of Wirtemberg, of
the Guelphs of Hanover, of the Belgic Lion, of Fidelity
of Baden, and of St. Constantine of Parma; and Pierre
de PolisTici, actual Counsellor of State, Knight of the
order of St. Anne of the first class, and Grand Cross of
the order of St. Wiailimir of th- second ; who, after hav-
ing exchanged their full powers, found in good and due
form, have agreed upon, and signed, the following stipu-
, Article lsf.—It is agreed, that, in any part of the
Great Ocean, commonly called the Pacific Ocean, or
South Sea, the respective citizens or subjects of the high
contracting powers shall be neither disturbed nor re-
strained, either in navigation or in fishing, or in the pow-
er of resorting to the coasts, upon points which may not
already have been occupied, for the purpose of trading
•with the natives, saving always the restrictions and con-
ditions determined by the following articles:
Article 2d.—With the view of preventing the rights of
navigation and of fishing, exercised upon the great ocean
by the citizens and subjects of the high contracting
powers, from becoming the pretext for an illicit trade, it
is agreed that the citizens of the United States shall not
resort to any point where there is a Russian establish-
ment, without the permission of the governor or com-
mander ; and that, reciprocally, the subjects of Russia
shall not resort, without permission, to any establishment
of the United States upon the Northwest Coast.
Article oil.—It is moreover agreed, that, hereafter,
there shall not be formed by the citizens of the United
States, or under the authority of the said States, any es-
tablishment on the Northwest Coast of America, nor in
any of the Islands adjacent, to the n-jrth of fifty-t'our de-
grees and forty minutes of north latitude; and that, in
the same manner, there shall be none formed by ttussian
subjects, or under the authority of Russia, south of the
Article <k/i.—It is, nevertheless, understood, that, dur-
ing a term of ten years, counting from the signature of
the present Convention, the ships of both powers, or
which belong to their citizens or subjects, respectively,
Jnay reciprocally frequent, without any hindrance what-
ever, the interior seas, gulfs, harbors, and creeks, upon
the coast mentioned in the preceding article, for the
purpose of fishing and trading with the natives of the
Article 5th — All spirituous liquors, fire-arms, other
arms, powder, and munitions of war of every kind, are
alwajs excepted from this same commerce permitted by
the preceding article; and the two powers engage, re-
ciprocally, neither to sell, or suffer them to be sold to the
natives, by their respective citizens and subjects, nor by
any person who may be under their authority. It is
likewise stipulated that this restriction shall never afford
a pretext, nor be advanced, in any case, to authorize
either search or detention of the vessels, seizure of the
merchandise, or, in fine, any measure of constraint what-
ever, towards the merchants or the crews who may carry
on this commerce ; the high contracting Powers recipro-
cally reserving to themselves to determine upon the pe-
nalties to be incurred, and to inflict the punishments in
case of the contravention of this article, by their respec-
tive citizens or subjects.
Article 6th.—When this Convention shall have been
duly ratified by the President of the United States, with
tiie advice and consent of the Senate, oil the one part,
and on the other by His Majesty the Emperor of all the
Russias, the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washing-
ton in the space of ten months from the date below, or
sooner, if possible. In faith whereof the respective
Plenipotentiaries have signed this Convention, and there-
to affixed the seals of their arms.
Done at St. Petersburg, the 17th (5th) April, of the
year of Grace one thousand eight hundred and twenty-
Le Comtk C. DE NESSELRODE.
PIERRE DE POLETICA.
And whereas the said Convention has been duly rati-
fied on both parts, and the respective ratifications of the
same were exchanged at Washington, on the eleventh
day of the present month, by John Qdisci Adams, Se-
cretary of State of the United States, and the Baron de
Totu, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten-
tiary of his Imperial Majesty, on the part of their re-
spective Governments :
Now, therefore, be it known, that I, James Mosboe,
President of the United States, have caused the said
Convention to be made public, to the end that the san^e,
and every clause and article thereof, may be observed
and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and
the citizens thereof.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and
caused the sealofthe United States to be affiled.
Done at the City of Washington, this twelfth
day of January, in the year of our Lord one thou-
[l. s.] sand eight hundred and twenty-five, and of the
Independence of the United States the forty-
By the President:
John Quiscy Adams,
Secretary of State.
From the Secretary of State, transmitting inform-
ation in relation to the Commercial Relations
(as they at present exist,) between the United
States and the kingdom of the Netherlands,
February 11, 1825.
Department or State,
Washington, 10th February, 1825.
The Secretary of State, in obedience to a resolution
of the House of Representatives, of the 21st of January
last, directing him to communicate to that House any
information he may have in this Department, " showing
whether the duties levied on the tonnage of the vessels
of the United States, entering the ports of the kingdom
of the Netherlands, and on the merchandise with which
they may be loaded, exceed those paid by the vessels
belonging to the said kingdom," has the honor to submit
to the House of Representatives copies of the corres-
pondence in this Department, having relation to that -
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS.
Extracts of a letter (JVo. 102) from Mr. Everett, to Mr.
Brussels, 17th March, 1823.
" I have the honor to enclose copies of two notes,
which I have lately had occasion to address to Baron de
Nagell, and of his answer to them."
" The reply to my application in regard to the differ-
ence in the duties imposed vpon goods imported in
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Gales, Joseph, 1761-1841. Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress, book, 1825; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30752/m1/442/: accessed March 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.