Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress Page: 37
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AFPENDIX—-T0 Gales &■ Seaton's "Register.
2d Session. \
Annual Treasury Report.
[[Sen. and H. of R.
miles. This distance might be l'educed to 1,100 n:iles,
if 110greater deviations,from a direct line,were made,than
would be necessary to obtain good ground far a road.and
to pass through Richmond, Ealeig-h, Columbia, and Mil
ledgeville j and thence by Coweta and St. Stephen's to
New Orleans. A part of the Alabama and Mississippi
mail, and the mail from the south to New Orleans, is
transported on this route. But, in the winter and spring
seasons of the year, the numerous streams of water over
which ihere are neither bridges nor ferries, present in-
surmountable obstacles to the regular and rapid trans-
mission of the mail on this route.
On a direct line from Washington to New Orleans,
the distance is 960 miles. This line passes near War-
renton, Charlottesville, Lexington, Big Lick, Grayson
Court House, in Virginia ; Ashrille, in North Carolina ;
thence, through the Indian country by Cahawba and St.
Stephens, in Alabama, to Pearlton, near Lake Borgne ;
thence to New Orleans.
The northwestern part of North Carolina, through
which this line passes, is so mountainous as to render a
deviation to the south north, in constructing a road,
indispensable. A deviation to the north, so as to avoid
the mountains, will pass by or near Fotheringav, Wythe
Court-house, Christiansburg, and Abingdon,in Virginia;
Knoxville, in Tennessee ; thence, through the Tennes-
see Valley, by Cahawba, to New Orleans, on nearly a
strait direction. This route is estimated at 1,056 miles,
including ten per cent, for the variation from a straight
line, from Washington to Knoxville ; thence to New Or-
leans; and is believed to be the nearest direction practi-
cable for a post road from Washington to New Orleans.
The variation, so as to pass by Knoxville, would not in-
crease the distance more than six miles. A deviation to
the south, so as to avoid the principal mountains, would
pass near Salem, in North Carolina, Greenville, in South
Carolina, and Athens, in Georgia. This route would
not vary, at any one point, more than 60 miles from a
direct line, and would not increase the distance, by a
line passing through the above places, more than seven
The route by the way of Warrenton, Abingdon, and
Knoxville, affords gr at facilities for the construction of
a mail road. Through Virginia and Tennessee, the ma-
terials are abundant for the formation of a turnpike ;
and through the states of Alabama and Mississippi, it is
believed, from information which has been obtained, that
is o part of the Union can an artificial road of the same
length, be constructed at less expense. On this part of
the route, the general face of the country is level, and
the soil well adapted to the formation of a solid road.
Some information has been communicated to this De-
partment on this subject, but it does not come strictly
within the scope of the resolution. If a substantial
road were made, in this direction, to New Orleans, the
mail could be transported to that place, from this city,
in eleven days. If the road were to pass through the
capitals of Virginia, North arolina, South Carolina, and
Georgia, it could be conveyed in less than twelve days.
The route on which the mail is now transported to
New Orleans, although more circuitous than some others,
in the present condition of the roads, is the safest and
best. There are many obstructions on it, but they are
less numerous than on any other. Greater celerity and
safety are given to the mail on this route, than could be
given to it on any other, to New Orleans, and it passes
through, and supplies, many important towns and vil
lages, and thickly settled parts of the country.
In the -winter and spring seasons of' the year, the
wail on this route, as on all others in the same parts of
the country, is sometimes entirely obstructed by high
waters; and, when this is not the case.it is frequently
much injured by the mail horses swimming creeks and
through swamps of considerable extent. The friction
'from the movement of the mail horsesa is certain to des-
troy all newspapers that become wet, and not unfre-
quently, letters are much obliterated. When the mail
is a considerable time immersed in water, as has often
been the case on this route, it is impossible to secure it
perfectly from injury.
The Department now pays at the rate of fifty-two
dollars and seventy-six cents a mile for the transporta-
tion of the mail three trips in each week, to New Orleans.
On a good turnpike road, it could be conveyed in a stage
as often, and in less than half the time, at the same ex-
pense. And what is a most important consideration,
the utmost security would be given to the mail by such
a transportation, and a very considerable increase to the
receipts of the department.
I have the honor to be, respectfully, your obedient
servant, JOHN McLEAN.
Hon. John Gailiarb.
ANNUAL TREASURY REPORT.
December 31, 18241
Sir : I have the honor to trausmit a Report,
prepared in obedience to the " Act supplement-
ary to the act to establish the Treasury De-
I have the honor to be, with great respect^sir,
your obedient servant,
WM. H. CRAWFORD.
of the House of Representatives.
In obedience to the directions of the " Act supple-
mentary to the act to establish the Treasury Depart-
ment," the Secretary of the Treasury respectfully sub-
mits the following Report:
1. Of the Public. Revenue and, Expenditure for
the years 1823 and 1824.
The nett revenue which accrued from duties on im-
ports and tonnage, during the year 1823, amounted to
$ 17,008,570 80
The actual receipts into the Treasury
during the year 1823, amounted to 20,540,666 26
Customs 19,088,433 44
Public Lands 916,523 10
Dividends on stock in the
Bank of the U. States 350,000 00
Arrears of internal duties
and direct tax, and in-
cidental expenses 131,951 69
Repayments of advances
made in the War De-
partment, for services or
supplies, prior to 1st Ju-
ly, 1816 53,758 OS
Making, with the balance
in the Treasury on the
1st January, 1823, of 4,237,427 55
An aggregate of _ 24,778,093 8J
The actual expenditures during the
year 1823, amounted to 15,314,171 09
Civil, diplomatic, and mis-
cellaneous 2,022,093 99
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Gales, Joseph, 1761-1841. Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress, book, 1825; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30752/m1/413/: accessed June 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.