Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress Page: 33
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APPENDIX—To Gales & Sea ton's Register.
**2 & \ Documents accompanying: the President's Message. [-en, and H. f R.
I>e superintended by an officer of the Corps of Engi-
neers, who has been ordered to Pittsburgh, to be in rea-
diness for that service.
Under the act of the 26th of May last, making appro-
priations for deepening the channel leading into the
harbor of Presqu'isle, in Pennsylvania, and for repair-
ing Plymouth Beach, in Massachusetts, officers of the
corps of Engineers were assigned t6 superintend the
fulfilment of those objects, but were prevented, by una-
voidable circumstances, from entering upon their re-
spective duties before the month of August. It was
found, after collecting'materials, and making other pre-
liminary arrangements at Presqu'isle,that the season had
advanced too far, and the weather had become too cold,
to authorize the cpmmencement of the construction, the
first stage of which would be driving piles, an operation
that would require exposure in the water. The con-
struction at Presqu'isle, therefore, will not be com-
menced until the next spring, unless it should be found
to be practicable to drive the piles through the ice in the
ensuing winter. The success of a partial experiment
lately made, has thoroughly satisfied the engineer having
■the superintendence of the work, of the feasibility and
efficiency of the plan, to fulfil the purposes for which it
The repair of Plymouth Beach, although commenced
too late to admit of its being completed this season, has
been three-fourths finished, and has put the beach in a
condition to afford very important, if not adequate pro-
tection to the harbor, for the present.
The Military Academy not only continues to sustain
the high character for discipline and scientific attain-
ment which was exhibited in the last annual report, but
has evidently improved in its general condition. At the
last June examination, before a numerous and scientific
Board of Visitors, a very favorable exhibition of the at-
tainments of the cadets confirms this opinion.. The
number of cadets now at the academy is two hundred
and fifty four, and the number of those which were gra-
duated and promoted into the army last year, is thirty-
one. Notwithstanding the Military Academy progress-
es with remarkable success under the present system
established for its government by the War Department,
it is evident that the institution is susceptible of further
improvements in its organization. These improvements
have suggested themselves in the course of experience,
and can be effected by legislative provision only.
This subject has been particularly noticed by the
Board of Visitors who examined the Military Academy,
in June last. I take the liberty of presenting, herewith,
a copy of their report, marked A, with extracts from
their journal of proceedings, marked B, C, and D, and
beg leave to refer you to them, and also to my report
and the accompanying documents on the same subject,
dated the 21st of February last, which has been publish-
ed among the state papers of the 1st session of the 18th
Congress, in the 6th volume, article No. 111.
From the growingimportance.as well as.from the exten-
sion of the duties assigned to the Engineer department,
it is evident that th" number of officers attached to it is
inadequate to the fulfilment of all that is required qf it;
and, in consequence, the Department is under the
necessity of employing individuals in civil life, at a rate
of compensation far above that paid to the regular offi-
cers of'the Department. I therefore respectfully submit
to your consideration, whether, under the increasing de-
mands r'or tiie services of the Engineers, an augmenta-
tion of their numbers would not at this time be expe-
dient, both oil the score of economy and the faithful ex-
ecution of the enlarged duties required of the Depart-j
mcnt, ' he whole number of the officers of tile Corps |
of Engineers is twenty-two, and of the Topographical En- >
gincers, ten—a small number, when compared with (be j
importance, extent, and variety of object committed to
the direction of the Engineer Department.
ALEX. MACOMB, Maj Gen.
The Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Secretary of tVav.
REPORT OF THE ECRETARY OF THE NAVY,
Accompanying the President's Message.
The Secretary of the ./Vivy to the President of the U. State's.
Navi Department, Dec. 1, 1824.
Sir : I have the honor to present to you the following
report, exhibiting the administration of this Depart-
ment during the present year.
There are now in commission for the sea service, the
vessels named in paper A, subjoined to this report.
Nothing, worthy of particular observation, has occur-
red with our squadron in the Mediterranean.
It has been maintained at the extent which was pro-
posed in the report of last year, and has afforded the ne-
cessary protection to our commerce there The un-
friendly relations, however, which exist between Al-
giers and some of the governments of Europe, and the
effects not unlikely to be felt, upon our political and
eommercial interests in that quarter, with other impor-
tant considerations, have been supposed to render it'ex-
pedient to augment our force. With this view, the North
Carolina lias been prepared, and will sail in a few days.
The squadron will then consist of the ship of the line
North Carolina, frigate Constitution, corvette Cyane, the
sloops of war Erie and Ontario, and sc hooner Nonsuch ;
and will be under the command of Commodore Rodg-
ers, who has been, for several years past, the President
of the Board of Navy Commissioners, and whose high
qualifications are so well known and justly estimated by
Our naval force in the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico has
continued under the command of Commodore Porter.
By direction of the Department, he has, from time to
time, despatched one of the vessels of his squadron to
the Coast of Africa, to touch at Cape Mesurado, minis-
ter to the wants of the agency there, and return by the
usual track of the slave ships. None of these, or any
other of our public ships, have found vessels engaged
in the slave trade, under the flag of the United States,
and in such circumstances as to justify their being seized
and sent in for adjudication : and, although it is known
that the trade still exists, to a most lamentable extent,
yet, as it is seldom, if ever, carried on under our own flag,
it is impossible, with the existing regulations and instruc-
tions, to afford very efficient aid in. exterminating it.
That object can only be accomplished by the combined
efforts of the maritime nations,each yielding to the others
the facilities necessary to detect the traffic under its own
flag. The agency for recaptured Africans has been
maintained, in the same manner as in the last year. The
eleven negroes which were taken from Captain Gh.ase,
at Baltimore, and sent to the agency, were restored to
their homes, under circumstances very gratifying to hu-
manity, and calculated to produce a good effect upon
their several tribes. The near relations of some of them
were on the shore when they arrived, manifested much
sensibility at their unexpected return, and furnished safe
means of restoring them to their families.
The agent, Dr. Ayres, was compelled, by enfeebled
health, to return to the United States, and left Mr. Ash.
mun as acting agent. He, likewise, was obliged, by the
same cayse, to he absent for a time ; inconveniences ne-
cessarily resulted, and it was thought expedient to send
the Rev. Mr. Gurley to examine into the situation of the
agency, with directions to make certain arrangements,
should circumstances require them. His report, marfcud
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Gales, Joseph, 1761-1841. Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress, book, 1825; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30752/m1/409/: accessed March 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.