Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress Page: 30
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APPENDIX—To Gales & Seaton's Megisier.
Documents accompanying the President's Message. [Sen. and H. of R. ^
trade will} Mexico, Guatimaia, and the central pans of
the continent, would not only be greatly facilitated, but
rendered much more secure.
The board have, besides those already mentioned, ex-
amined, hi conjunction with Pennsylvania Commission-
ers, a route for a canal from th-s Allegany to the Susque-
hannah. In addition to the importance of this route to
a large portion of the West, and the state of Pennsylva-
nia, it was thought to possess other and strong claims on
the attention of the government. It is believed to be one of
the most promising routes to cross the Allegany by a
canal communication, and should that by the Potomac
prove impracticable, it might afford the means of effect-
ing the great object intended by the canal projected by
When the various routes to which I have referred are
examined and surveyed, and plans and estimates formed,
in conformity with the directions of the act, it will pre-
sent so full a view of the whole suhject, as will enable
Congress to commence and complete such a system of
internal improvement as it may deem proper, with
the greatest possible advantage.
In conclusion, I have to remark, that experience has
shown, thai the Corps of Engineers is too small to per-
form the various duties which are assigned to it. Its
duties have been more t-han trebled since its establish-
ment, and are increasing every year. During the pre-
sent year much inconvenience has been experienced for
the want of a sufficient number of officers, notwithstand-
ing every officer of the eorps has been on active duty
during the season.
X have the honor to remain, your obedient servant,
J. C. CALHOUN.
To the President of the XJ. States,
LIST OF DOCUMENTS,
Transmitted from the IVar Department to the President, to
accompany his Message to Congress.
, A. Report of Major General Brown, concerning the
organization* distribution, and disbursements of the
15. Report of the Quartermaster General.
C. Report of the Commissary General of Subsistence.
I). Report of the Paymaster General.
Xi. Report of the Surgeon General.
F. Report of the Commissary General of. Purchases.
G Report of the Engineer Department, with report
of the Hoard of Visiters on the state of the Military
II. Report of the Ordnance Department.
1. Statement concerning Pensions.
J. Statements of Bounty Lands.
K. Statement of Indian Affairs.
[These papers furnish the details, tiie general
result of which appears in the preceding report.
The two following are selected as being appa-
rently the most important.]]
Head Quabtetis oy the Armf,
20ih „'\ ot. 1824.
Sni: Agreeably to your instructions of the 1st inst.
I have the honor to lay before you the Returns and
Statements following, viz :
A. A Statement of the Organization of the Army,
agreeably to the act of Congress of 2d March, 1821.
B. A Return of the Strength of the Army, from the
last regimental and other returns, received at
C. A Return shewing the Distribution of the Troops
in the Eastern Department.
D. A Return shewing the Distribution of the Troops
in the Western Department,
E. A Statement showing the number of men enlisted,^
the amount of money advanced for the purpose?
of recruiting, and the amount for which recruit-'*
ing accounts have been rendered for settlement,
from 1st Oct. 1823, to 30th Sept. 1824.
By statement E, it will be seen, that $5224 87 re-
mains unexpended in the hands of recruiting officers.
This sum is now in a course of application to the re-
cruiting service, and therv- is no doubt, from the promp-
titude and correctness of the recruiting officers, that it
will, when the proper time arrives, be regularly ac-
Brevet Major General Gaines is just completing a tour
of inspection, embracing the posts on the upper and
lower Lakes; but his report has not been received.
During the early part of the year, a tour of inspection
was performed by Brevet Major General Scott, embrac-
ing the posts on the Florida Gulf and Mississippi river,
commencing at Fort St. Philip, below New Orleans, and
terminating at Fort St. Anthony.
During the months of March, April, and May, Colonel
Wool inspected ail the posts on the Atlantic coast, be-
tween Savannah, Geo. and Portsmouth, N. H. Duririg
thf* months of June, July, and August, he inspected the
posts of Sackett's Harbor, Niagara, Detroit, Sault St.
Marie, and Green Buy.
Colonel Archer has inspected the posts of Baton
Rouge, New Orleans, Fort St. Philip, Petite Coquille,
Pensacola, and all the Posts on the Atlantic frontier, be-
tween Washington City and Fort. Sullivan, Me. including-
the National Armory, at. Springfield, Mass.
The Reports of inspections, performed by the Com*
mantling Officers of Artillery regiments, are not yet re-
The general condition of the army, the state of its dis-
cipline, administration, See. are as favorable as could be
expected. The infantry regiments have perhaps attain-
ed as much excellence as incompatible with the state of
dispersion which naturally grows out of the physical re-
lations of the country, and the exigencies of the public
service. In the artillery regiments, an important acces-
sion ofscientific and experimental knowledge is to be ex-
pected from the school of practice, which has gone into
operation at Fortress Monror.
In addition to the intelligence which I have above pre-
sented, in obedience to your instructions, I have thought
proper to submit, for your consideration, some reflec-
tions upon a subject connected, in the most intimate
manner, with the welfare of the army, I mean the evil of
desertion—an evil which has grown to a serious magni-
tude, and exerts an unhappy influence upon the nume-
rical force and efficiency of the army, upon its moral cha-
racter, and upon the fund appropriated by the govern-
ment for its support. Its effect upon the numerical
force and efficiency of the army is, by withdrawing-
from the ranks a large number of men, of whom the,
greater part succeed in eluding the vigilance of pursuit,
and the residue are devoted to hard labor and imprison-
ment in the garrison, which are the highest penalties
awarded to the crime; in either case their services as
soldiers are lost to the army. Its effect upon the mo a!
character of the army is, to degrade the spirit of the
profession by relaxing its moral ties, and by merging the
infamy of the crime in the multiplication of example.—
Its effect upon the fund appropriated to the support of
the army is, by increasing the expenditure of the re-
cruiting service, from the necessity of keeping the ranks
of the army full, by providing a recruit, at a considerable
expense, to supply the place of every deserter who
The comforts which the soldier enjoys from the liberal
provision of the government, his exemption from all ar-
bitrary restraint, and the mildness and regularity which
distinguish the administration of the army, leave no ima-
ginable cause for the prevalency of desertion, but the
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Gales, Joseph, 1761-1841. Register of Debates in Congress, Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress, book, 1825; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30752/m1/406/: accessed February 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.