The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, Seventeenth Congress, Second Session Page: 199
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HISTORY OF CONGRESS.
War Department, Feb. 8, 1823.
Siii : I have the honor to inform you, in reply to
your letter of the 6th instant, that, until the month of
August, 1818, no particular account was kept of the
number of applications for pensions, under the act of
the 18th March, 1818. Since that time, however, a
register of the claimants has been kept, from which
it would appear, that 27,94S have applied for the ben-
efits of that act, and since the passage of the act of
May 1st, 1820, 2,039 have applied under both laws—
18,880 claims have been admitted in all; 2,328 of
which have been rejected, or dropt from the roll, un-
der the act of the 1st May, 1820. On the 4th of
September last, 12,331 were then on the pension list.
The remaining 4,221 are either dead, or, from causes
unknown to this Department, have failed to exhibit
schedules of property. In 1818, the sum of $104,900
85, was paid to pensioners, under the act of that
year; in 1819, $1,811,328 96; in 1820, the sum paid
was only $1,373,849 41, the list of pensioners having
been reduced by the operation of the act of the 1st
May, 1820; in 1821, the sum of §1,200,000 was
paid; and,in the year 1822, the sum of $1,833,936 30.
The apparent excess of expenditure in 1822, arises
from the circumstance, that, in the preceding year, a
deficiency was occasioned by a greater number having
applied for pensions that year than was anticipated
when the estimates were made: $451,836 of the ex-
penditure of the last year was due the pensioners in
the preceding year.
1 would respectfully suggest to the committee, of
which you are chairman, the propriety of limiting the
commencement of the Revolutionary pensions, in all
cases, to the time of completing the testimony, not
only in original claims, but where persons have been
continued on, or restored to, the pension roll. At
present, the latter class receive their pay from the 4th
March, 1820 ; and the prospect of receiving the
amount of three years' stipend, at one time, opens a
door to attempts at fraud, and is no small inducement
for many to dispose of their property with a view of
I have the honor to be, &c.
J. C. CALHOUN.
Hon. James Noble,
Chairman Com. Pensions.
Tuesday, February 11.
Mr. Williams, of Tennessee, from the Com-
mittee on Military Affairs, to which was referred
the bill, entitled "An act supplementary to 'An
act relating to the ransom of American captivcs of
the late war," reported the same without amend-
Mr. Thomas presented the memorial of a num-
ber of the inhabitants of Illinois, praying relief
may be extended to those purchasers of public
lands who had paid for the same prior to the pas-
sage of the act of Congress for the relief of the
purchasers of public lands.
Mr. Holmes, of Mississippi, presented the me-
morial of the General Assembly of the State of
Mississippi, praying a donation of public land for
the benefit of the Natchez Hospital. The me-
morial was read, and referred to the Committee
on Commerce and Manufactures.
Mr. Lowiiie presented the memorial of the Phil-
adelphia Chamber of Commerce, in relation to
the act to regulate the collection of duties on im-
ports and tonnage. The memorial was read, and
referred to the select committee to which was re-
ferred, yesterday, the bill, entitled "An act supple-
i mentary to, ancl to amend, an act, entitled 'An
! act to regulate the collection of duties on imports
: and tonnage, passed the 2d March, 1799, and for
; other purposes."
j Mr. Thomas presented the resolution of the
Legislature of the State of Illinois, relative to the
: location and marking of the road from Wheeling
j to the Mississippi. The resolution was read, and
| referred to the Committee on Roads and Canals.
Mr. Benton presented the petition of Daniel
M. Boon, late a captain of rangers, praying reim-
bursement of his expenses for a servant and two
horses. The petition was read, and referred to
the Committee on Claims.
Mr. Benton also presented the memorial of
the Legislature of the State of Missouri, praying
the. organization of a tribunal for the adjudication
of unconfirmed claims, to lands, and that a duty
may be imposed on imported lead. The memorial
was read, and referred to the Committee on Public
Mr. Van Bdren presented the memorial of D.
Dunham, praying that certain privileges may be
conferred on the steamship Robert Fulton. The
memorial was read, and referred to the Commit-
tee on Commerce and Manufactures.
! Mr. Smith, of South Carolina, from the Com-
| mittee on the Judiciary, to which was referred the
i resolution directing the printing of the Journal
! of Congress, from the fifth day of September,
| 1774, to the third day of November, 1786, report-
j ed the same without amendment.
i Agreeably to the notice yesterday given, Mr.
| Smith, of Maryland, asked and obtained leave,
j and introduced the following joint resolution;
! which was read and passed to a second reading:
Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representa-
tives of the United States of America in Congress as-
; sembled, two-thirds of both Houses concurring, That
the following amendment to the Constitution of the
United States be proposed to the Legislatures of the
several States; which, when ratified by the Legisla-
tures of three-fourths of the States, shall be valid, to
all intents and purposes, as part of the said Consti-
That Congress shall have power to adopt and ex-
ecute a system of internal improvements, confined to
great national purposes.
The resolution was read, and passed to the se-
Mr. Southard, from the Committee on the Ju-
diciary, to which was referred the bill for the
punishment of frauds committed on the Depart-
ments of the Government of the United States,
reported the same without amendment.
The bill directing the payment of the Georgia
militia claims for services rendered during the
years 1792,-'3, and ;4, was read a third time, and
The bill to revive and to continue in force the
seventh section of an act, entitled "An act supple-
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Gales and Seaton. The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, Seventeenth Congress, Second Session, book, 1855; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30367/m1/98/: accessed January 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.