The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, Seventeenth Congress, Second Session Page: 173
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EISTORY OF CONGRESS.
settlements of hostile savages! The Cherokees
were a frank, a warlike, and an intrepid people.
The Creeks were a cunning, insidious, and mur-
derous tribe. With the former it might have
been possible to maintain peace by conciliation;
but force alone could guard you against the treach-
ery and ferocity of the latter. Headed by McGil-
livray, an artful, vindictive, half-blood chief, who
had sworn vcngeance against Georgia, on account
of the loss of his father's property, (which had
been confiscated by the State for his adherence to
the enemy during the war of the Revolution,)
they had thoroughly imbibed his spirit, and were
the fit instruments of his revenge. As early as
the year 1789, this nation commenced unprovoked
hostilities against the frontiers of Georgia; and,
although a treaty was concluded with McCilli-
vray, at New York, in 1790, whose sole object
was the peacc of that State, no sooner had the
presents been exhausted, which were given on
that occasion as the price of the treaty, than the
war was renewed with increased malevolence.
In this situation, sir, it was the obvious policy of
Georgia to have embodied a competent military
force, and, by a prompt offensive movement, car-
ried the war into the enemy's country, and de-
stroyed their towns and villages. This energy on
the part of the State would either have insured a
peace, or rendered the nation less powerful or
arrogant in war. And to such an enterprise the
militia of Georgia were fully competent; nay,
sir. they were anxious for permission thus to chas-
tise tucir savage invaders. But the State had it
no longer in her power to make war or conclude
peace, this being an attribute of the Federal Gov-
ernment, to which she had then recently given
her assent. And, " from considerations of pol-
icy," at this critical period, relative, to foreign
Powers, and the pending treaty with the. northern
Indians, it was deemed advisable by the. Presi-
dent to avoid offensive expeditions into the Creek
country. In a word, all offensive movements, on
the part of Georgia, against the Creek nation,
were strictly inhibited by the General Govern-
ment. The Governor, as was his duty, couformed
to the orders of his Constitutional superior, and
the ruthless invaders, whose hands were yet stained
with the blood of those they had murdered, were
thus sheltered from punishment the moment they
had passed an imaginary line in a wilderness
country! There, secure from pursuit, and left to
enjoy undisturbed the fruits of their treachery, is
it at all surprising the enemy should have contin-
ued the unequal contest, and thus made necessary
corresponding measures of defence 1 Sir, they
did continue it,and with murderous effect, through-
out the period to which this inquiry is directed.
So severe was the pressure, for months, upon the
eastern part of the State, that the whole frontier
was broken up, and the retiring females and their
children could be protected lrotn massacre only
by being immured in forts and blockhouses. And,
Mr. President, if the citizens of Georgia acqui-
esced in this course because it subserved the views
and interests of the Union ; if they patiently en-
dured, for years, such a defensive, war, in which
their persons were harassed, their property was:
plundered, and many an hapless family butch-
ered, because the policy of the General Govern-
ment required the sacrifice, will you now refuse-
the price of that defence which your policy made
necessary? Will you now say to the honest mi-
litiaman who has faithfully performed his duty.
Although both the Constitution and the President
of the United States did authorize the defence of
Georgia, yet, as we believe the Governor might
have performed the service with fewer men, you
cannot be paid? No, sir, your policy made the
service necessary. It has been faithfully, nay,
painfully rendered, in obedience to the call of the
constituted authorities; and the faith and the
justice of the nation are pledged for the payment
of the price.
When Mr. Elliott had concluded, the ques-
tion was taken on the resolution, and it was
agreed to without a count.
Thursday, January 30.
The President communicated a letter from the
Secretary of State, transmitting copies of the Di-
gest of Manufactures, prepared and printed by
order of a joint resolution of Congress of the last
Mr. Johnson, of Louisiana, gave notice that,
to-morrow, he should ask leave to introduce a bill
to revive and continue in force the seventh sec-
tion of an act, entitled 11 An act supplementary to
the several acts for the adjustment of land claims
in the State of Louisiana," approved on the 11th
May, 1820, and for other purposes.
Mr. Smith, of Maryland, gave notice that, to-
morrow, he should ask leave to introduce a bill
making an appropriation for the gradual armament
of the new fortresses of the United States.
The bill brought up yesterday, from the House
of Representatives, for concurrence, was twice
read by unanimous consent, and referred to the
Committee on the Judiciary.
The bill to regulate the collecting of debts in
the District of Columbia, was read the second
time, and referred to the same committee.
The bill to continue in force the act, entitled
" An act. to provide for reports of the decisions of
the Supreme Court," passed the third day of
March, 1S17," was read the second time.
The bill to authorize the building a lighthouse
at Cape Romain, in South Carolina, and placing
floating lights in Delaware Bay, was read the
The Senate resumed the consideration of the
report of the Committee of Claims, to which was
referred the petition of James Morrison, of Ken-
tucky, and the further consideration thereof was
postponed to, and made the order of the day for
Mr. Lloyd, of Maryland, presented the memo-
rial of Robert Young and Richard Bland Lee,
Judges of the Orphans' Court of Alexandria and
Washington counties, in the District of Columbia,
praying a revision of the existing laws in relation
| to the. power? and duties of those courts. The
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Gales and Seaton. The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, Seventeenth Congress, Second Session, book, 1855; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30367/m1/85/: accessed September 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.