The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, Seventeenth Congress, Second Session Page: 127
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HISTORY OF CONGRESS.
Imprisonment for Debt,.
On motion, by Mr. Noble, the Committee on
Pensions, to which were referred the petition of
Winthrop Robinson; the petition of John Low;
the petition of John Welsh; the petition of Ezc-
kiel P. Beldon ; the petition of Frederick Pearl;
the petition of George Dyers; and the petition of
Thomas Haly ; were discharged from the further
consideration thereof, respectively.
The Senate resumed the consideration of the
report of the Committee on Military Affairs, to
which was referred the resolution instructing them
to inquire into the expediency of-providing for the
final settlement of the militia claims of the State
of Georgia, for services rendered, under orders of
the President of the United States, during the
years 1792, '93, and '94; and, on motion, the fur-
ther consideration thereof was postponed to, and
made the order of the day for, Monday next.
A message from the House of Representatives
informed the Senate that the House have passed a
bill, entitled "An act in addition to the act, enti-
tled 'An act for the prompt settlement of public
accounts,' and for the punishment of the crime of
perjury;" in which bill they request the concur-
rence of the Senate.
IMPRISONMENT FOR DEBT.
The Senate resumed the consideration, in Com-
mittee of the Whole, of the bill to abolish impris-
onment for debt, and the amendments offered
Mr. Mnxs, of Massachusetts, rose, and entered
at large into the questions presented by the sub-
ject—submitting the reasons why he could not
go, and arguments against going, to the extent
proposed by the bill; the difficulties which would
arise in the practical operation of so broad a
measure, the embarrassments in which it would
involve our established and nicely adjusted system
of jurisprudence, &c.
Mr. Barbour, of Virginia, took the opposite
ground, and, in a speech of more than an hour's
length, strenuously maintained the justice and ex-
pediency of the proposed measure, in its greatest
latitude, so far at least as regards the ordinary
class of debtors, but excepting all those who be-
come debtors by any of the various ways which
constitute breaches of trust; which latter he look-
ed upon as criminals, deserving punishment, rather
than as unfortunates entitled to commiseration.
Of the substitutes offered to the bill, he preferred
that proposed by Mr. Van Buren, except its fea-
ture of prospective application, which he objected
to, and maintained the justice of making the bill
applicable to all debts, past and to come.
When Mr. B. concluded, the bill was postponed
to to-morrow, and the Senate adjourned.
Friday, January 17.
Mr. Van Dyke, from the Committee on Public
Lands, to whom was referred the bill to enable
the holders of French, British, and Spanish titles
to land in Louisiana, to try the validity thereof,
reported the same with sundry amendments.
Mr. Bahton, from the Committee of Claims.
made an unfavorable report on the petition of
James Morrison; and the report being read, was,
on motion, recommitted, for the purpose of mak-
ing a selection of the various papers connected
with the claim, to be printed.
Mr. Rdggles submitted a resolution, directing
an inquiry into the expediency of paying the claim
of David Cooper, of Michigan, for property con-
verted to public uses.
Mr. Ruugles, from the Committee of Claims,
reported a bill for the relief of the representatives
of James McClung; which was read.
Mr. Findlay presented the petition of Joseph
S. Macpherson, a master commandant in the
Navy of the United States, praying the passage of
a law authorizing the equitable settlement of his
accounts, for reasons stated in the petition ; which
was read, and referred to the Committee of Claims.
Mr. Eaton, from the Committee on Public
Lands, reported a bill to amend an act, entitled
"An act for ascertaining claims and titles to land
in the Territory of Florida," approved the 8th of
May, 1822. The bill was read, and passed to the
Mr. Johnson, of Louisiana, submitted the fol-
lowing motion for consideration:
Resolved, That tbe Committee on the Post Office
and Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the expe-
diency of repairing the mail road from New Orleans
to Nashville, and of establishing ferries at tbe water
courses on the route, or of making bridges over them,
so as to facilitate the conveyance of the mails to and
from New Orleans; and. also, to inquire into the ex-
pediency of repairing the national road commencing
at Madisonville, in the State of Louisiana, and termi-
nating at Florence, on the Tennessee river ; and into
the propriety of providing for the conveyance of the
mails, on the said route, in covcrcd carriages.
The bill brought up yesterday from the House
of Representatives, for concurrence, was twice
read, by unanimous consent, and referred to the
Committee of Claims.
The bill for the relief of the .heirs of Joseph
Willcox was read the second time.
The following Message was received from the
President of the United States :
To the Vice President of the United
States and President of the Senate :
The Convention concluded and signed at St. Peters-
burg, on the 12th day of July last, under the media-
tion of His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of all the
Russias, having been ratified by the three Powers,
parties thereto, and the ratifications of the same hav-
ing been duly exchanged, copies of it are now commu-
nicated to Congress, to the end that the measures for
carrying it, on the part of the United States, into ex-
ecution, may obtain the co-operation of the Legisla-
ture, necessary to the accomplishment of some of its
provisions. A translation is subjoined of three ex-
planatory documents, in the French language, refer-
red to in the fourth article of the Convention, and an-
nexed to it. The agreement executed at the exchange
of the ratifications, is likewise communicated.
: JAMES MONROE.
Washington, 16th January, 1823.
I The resolution offered yesterday by Mr. Smith,
Here’s what’s next.
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Gales and Seaton. The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, Seventeenth Congress, Second Session, book, 1855; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30367/m1/62/: accessed September 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.