The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, Seventeenth Congress, Second Session Page: 55
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HISTORY OF CONGRESS.
considerable degree, ceased; circumstances might,
however, bring it back again; and if it returned,
or existed at all, it could only exist beneficially.
The allowance of drawback had indeed been
the great and fruitful source of our prosperity;
from the encouragement it gave to commerce, it
built up our cities, gave wealth to our merchants,
and embellishment to the interior. He, there-
fore, warmly advocated the allowance of an ex-
tended system of drawback. There was but one
difficulty to be guarded against, and he was wil-
ling to state that, and to meet it. This was the
difficulty in preventing frauds in identifying the
articles imported when in a raw state, and when
exported in a state of manufacture. It was true,
perhaps, that, in some cases, in proportion to the
skill and adroitness of the manufacturer of the
article, might be the deterioration of the article;
that the more glue or starch there was in cotton,
the thinner the window glass, or the more tar in
the cordage, the worse the fabric, but the greater
the profit to the maker. All this might be guard-
ed against iu the details of the bill; the objections
did not affect the principle: and, if gentlemen
thought differently, as the bill had heretofore been
unsuccessfully before the Senate, there was one
way in which the difficulty could, at any rate, be
cured, and he, for one, would readily resort to it;
it would be interesting to a very fertile and im-
portant part of the country, entitled, for its fer-
tility and its population, to an equal degree of
patronage and protection with any other part of
the United States. He alluded to the western
part of the country; and he would, for his own
part, also be willing to allow a bounty on Ken-
tucky hemp, when made into cordage, and ex-
ported, to keep pace with the drawback on manu-
factured foreign hemp. The present state of the
agriculture of that country required protection as
well as our commerce; nor was he afraid of the
effect on the Treasury; the receipts would be
abundant; we had now a surplus; our revenue
was ample; we were curtailing our establish-
ments, and annually diminishing our public debt;
and, although our importations might fall off
the next year, they would not materially lessen.
There was one cause, not generally taken into
view, to prevent it, the operation of which we
neither would nor could retard; that was, the an-
nual addition, from the increase of our population,
alone, of five hundred thousand human beings to
the class of consumers. He said he hoped the
bill would pass.
Mr. Talbot," of Kentucky, then moved to
amend the bill, so as to allow a bounty on cord-
age manufactured from domestic hemp as well as
a drawback on that manufactured from foreign
And, without taking a question on this pro-
posed amendment, the bill was then again ordered
to lie on the table.
Monday, December 30.
Edward Lloyd, from the State of Maryland,
attended this dav.
John Taylor, appointed a Senator by the
Legislature of the State of Virginia, in place of
James Pleasants, resigned, produced his creden-
tials, was qualified, and took his seat in the
Mr. Rodney presented the petition of the Pres-
ident and Directors of the Chesapeake and Dela-
ware Canal Company, praying the aid of the
General Government. The petition was read,
and referred to the Committee on Roads and
Mr. Talbot submitted the following motion
Resolved, That the Committee on Roads and Ca-
nals be instructed to inquire into the expediency of
authorizing a subscription, on behalf of the Govern-
ment of the United States, of a certain portion of the
stock of the Ohio, as well as of the Delaware and
Chesapeake Canal Companies, or of any other com-
pany which has been incorporated within the United
States for the improvement of internal commerce and
Mr. Ruogles, from the Committee of Claims,
to which the subject was referred, made a report,
accompanied with a bill for the relief of Joseph
Forrest. The report and bill were read, and the
bill passed to the second reading.
Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, presented the peti-
tion of James Morrison, of Kentucky, praying
relief in the settlement of his accounts. The pe-
tition was read, and referred to the Committee of
On motion, by Mr. Ruggi.es, the Committee of
Claims, to which was referred, on the 19th instant,
the petition of Jnmes Lloyd, of Virginia, praying
compensation for certain services rendered, and
expenses incurred, were discharged from the fur-
ther consideration thereof, and it was referred to
the Committee on Military Affairs.
Mr. Southard, from the Committee on the Ju-
diciary, to which was referred, on the 27th in-
instant, the petition of Samuel N. Smallwood,
and others, citizens of the District of Columbia,
praying certain amendments to the laws of the
District, reported that the prayer of the petitioners
ought not to be granted.
Mr. Southard, from the same committee, to
which was referred the bill to abolish imprison-
ment for debt, reported the same, without amend-
ment; and, on motion, by Mr. Johnson, of Ken-
tucky, it was taken up, as in Committee of the
Whole; and, on his motion, the further consider-
ation thereof was postponed to, and made the or-
der oi the day for, Monday next.
The resolution for a new rule for conducting
business in the Senate, as it respects private bills,
was read the second time; and, on motion by Mr.
Rodney, laid on the table.
Mr. Southard submitted the following motion
Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary be
instructed to inquire into the expediency of continu-
ing in force the act, entitled "An act to provide for
reports of the decisions of the Supreme Court," passed
the third day of March, 1817.
The bill, entitled "An act to make perpetual an
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Gales and Seaton. The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, Seventeenth Congress, Second Session, book, 1855; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30367/m1/26/: accessed January 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.