Defense Acquisition Workforce: Improved Processes, Guidance, and Planning Needed to Enhance Use of Workforce Funds Page: 3 of 18
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estimates to Congress in June 2012 and are preparing an updated strategic human capital plan
for the acquisition workforce.
In authorizing DAWDF, Congress noted that its intention was to ensure that the DOD acquisition
workforce has the capacity, in both personnel and skills, needed to properly perform its mission,
provide appropriate oversight of contractor performance, and ensure that the department
receives the best value for the expenditure of resources. To do so, DOD is using DAWDF to
support initiatives that are intended to grow, enhance, and sustain a high quality workforce (see
Figure 1: DAWDF Initiatives
1. Intern program 6. Retention and recognition 8. Training enhancement
2. Recruiting incentives incentives and capacity expansion
3. Outreach programs 7. Career broadening and 9. Comprehensive acquisition
academic programs workforce and student
4. Hiring journeymen information system
5. Hiring highly qualified 10 Competency management
experts and assessments
11. Workforce planning pilot
DAWDF has largely been funded by money transferred from other operation and maintenance
accounts for contracted services, although DOD may also request and receive funding as part
of its annual budget and appropriations process. The transferred funds, known as credits, are
available for obligation for that fiscal year and two succeeding fiscal years. In contrast, until
fiscal year 2012, the funds directly appropriated for DAWDF had to be obligated by the end of
the fiscal year in which the funds were appropriated. The National Defense Authorization Act for
Fiscal Year 2012 made appropriated funds available for the same time period as credited
funds.6 DOD believed this change would reduce the complexity of managing and executing
DAWDF funds in the future.
As amended, section 1705 of title 10 established funding levels that are expected to be met
through fiscal year 2015. The legislation requires DOD to attain these levels essentially through
a combination of credit funding, fund transfers, and new appropriations.7 The legislation permits
the Secretary of Defense to reduce the specified funding level for a fiscal year if the Secretary
determines that it is greater than is reasonably needed for that fiscal year. However, the amount
may not be reduced below 80 percent of the amount specified for that fiscal year. During fiscal
years 2008, 2011 and 2012, DOD determined that no more than about 80 percent of the amount
specified was required for fund purposes. For example, in fiscal year 2012, that amount equated
6National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, Pub. L. No. 112-81, 804, amending 10 U.S.C.
710 U.S.C. 1705(d)(1). The statute also provides limited authority for transfer of unobligated, expired balances
provided in certain appropriations accounts. 10 U.S.C. 1705(d)(3). The law states that in determining the amount to
be credited through the credit funding process in order to achieve the specified funding level, the amount shall be
reduced by the amount appropriated to the fund during that fiscal year or transferred from expired accounts. 10
GAO-12-747R Defense Acquisition Workforce
Recruiing an hirin
Reteion -nd reognition
Training and development
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Defense Acquisition Workforce: Improved Processes, Guidance, and Planning Needed to Enhance Use of Workforce Funds, text, June 20, 2012; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303148/m1/3/: accessed January 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.