Federal-Aid Highways: Federal Requirements for Highways May Influence Funding Decisions and Create Challenges, but Benefits and Costs Are Not Tracked Page: 3 of 62
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Results in Brief
Several Types of Benefits and Costs Are Associated with Federal
Requirements for Highway Projects, but Quantitative Estimates
Federal Requirements, among Other Factors, Influence State
Government Agencies and Contractors Face Challenges Associated
with Federal Requirements, and Some Are Using Strategies to
Address These Challenges
Recommendations for Executive Action
Agency Comments and Our Evaluation
Appendix I Objectives, Scope, and Methodology 44
Appendix II GAO Survey of State Departments of Transportation 47
Appendix III Strategies Used or Proposed by Federal and State
Agencies to Address Challenges Associated with
Federal Requirements 50
Appendix IV GAO Contact and Staff Acknowledgments 57
Figure 1: Typical Amount of Time Involved in Planning, Approving,
and Building a Major New Highway Project 9
Figure 2: Percentage of States Using Nonfederal Funds for
Highway Projects because of the Federal Requirements,
and the Requirements that Factored into States' Decisions 23
GAO-09-36 Federal-Aid Highways
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Federal-Aid Highways: Federal Requirements for Highways May Influence Funding Decisions and Create Challenges, but Benefits and Costs Are Not Tracked, report, December 12, 2008; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303007/m1/3/: accessed January 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.