Nuclear Nonproliferation: IAEA Has Made Progress in Implementing Critical Programs but Continues to Face Challenges

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A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has taken several steps to strengthen its safeguards program since GAO's 2005 report, including increasing the number of countries that are subject to a broader range of safeguards measures, upgrading its analytical laboratories, and producing its first long-term strategic plan. However, the agency faces two critical challenges in further improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the safeguards program. First, several countries have raised concerns about IAEA's plans to expand implementation of what it calls the "state-level concept" to all countries ... continued below

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United States. Government Accountability Office. May 16, 2013.

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Description

A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has taken several steps to strengthen its safeguards program since GAO's 2005 report, including increasing the number of countries that are subject to a broader range of safeguards measures, upgrading its analytical laboratories, and producing its first long-term strategic plan. However, the agency faces two critical challenges in further improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the safeguards program. First, several countries have raised concerns about IAEA's plans to expand implementation of what it calls the "state-level concept" to all countries with safeguards agreements by 2014. The state-level concept is an approach in which the agency considers a broad range of information about a country's nuclear capabilities and tailors its safeguards activities in each country accordingly. IAEA officials told GAO that broader implementation of this approach would allow the agency to better allocate resources by reducing safeguards activities where there is no indication of undeclared nuclear activities and to focus its efforts on any issues of safeguards concern. However, IAEA has not clearly defined and communicated how it will implement the state-level concept. As a result, several countries are concerned that the state-level concept may be applied in a subjective, potentially discriminatory manner or that it could allow IAEA to be too intrusive into their civilian nuclear operations. Second, the agency has not quantified the resources it may need to fully implement the state-level concept-- making it difficult to determine its long-term costs and benefits."

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Government Accountability Office Reports

The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) is an independent, nonpartisan agency that works for the U.S. Congress investigating how the federal government spends taxpayers' money. Its goal is to increase accountability and improve the performance of the federal government. The Government Accountability Office Reports Collection consists of over 13,000 documents on a variety of topics ranging from fiscal issues to international affairs.

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  • May 16, 2013

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  • June 12, 2014, 7:50 p.m.

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United States. Government Accountability Office. Nuclear Nonproliferation: IAEA Has Made Progress in Implementing Critical Programs but Continues to Face Challenges, report, May 16, 2013; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc302835/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.