Review of U.S. Response to the Honduran Political Crisis of 2009 Page: 2 of 17
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including efforts to help Honduras resolve the political crisis. We are issuing a
separate classified report that provides further details on U.S. actions in response to
the Honduran political crisis and describes U.S. actions in response to events
leading up to President Zelaya's removal from office. To conduct this review, we
obtained documents from the Department of State (State), Department of Defense
(DOD), U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and Millennium
Challenge Corporation (MCC). We interviewed officials from these agencies;
Honduran officials in Zelaya's government, the Micheletti-led government, and the
current government; and other influential Hondurans who played a role during the
political crisis. For further information on our scope and methodology, see
We conducted this performance audit from October 2010 through October 2011 in
accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. Those
standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain sufficient, appropriate
evidence to provide a reasonable basis for our findings and conclusions based on
our audit objectives. We believe the evidence obtained provides a reasonable basis
for our findings and conclusions based on our audit objectives.
In response to Zelaya's removal from office, the United States took diplomatic and
economic measures against the Micheletti-led government and played an influential
role in negotiations to resolve the crisis between Zelaya and Micheletti. These
measures included instituting a no-contact policy with Micheletti-led government
officials; terminating several U.S. security, economic, and development assistance
programs in Honduras totaling almost $36 million of $51 million of fiscal year 2009
and prior year U.S. funds; and imposing diplomatic measures, including revoking
U.S. visas for selected Hondurans. At the same time, U.S. officials encouraged
Zelaya and the Micheletti-led government to enter into negotiations to resolve the
crisis and return to what the administration considered to be constitutional order in
Honduras. When negotiations stalled, senior administration officials traveled to
Honduras to urge Zelaya and Micheletti to reach agreement. After an accord was
signed in October 2009, U.S. officials encouraged its implementation so the
international community could accept the legitimacy of the Honduran presidential
election taking place in November 2009. The United States then recognized the
results of the presidential election as generally free and fair. Following the elections,
State continued to urge Honduran officials to implement the remaining provisions of
the accord. In addition, State revoked visas held by selected Hondurans in January
2010 to push the Micheletti-led government to accelerate the accord's
implementation. In March 2010, Secretary Clinton determined that U.S. conditions
for resuming aid to Honduras had been met and allowed U.S. assistance programs
GAO-12-9R Honduran Political Crisis 2009
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Review of U.S. Response to the Honduran Political Crisis of 2009, text, October 20, 2011; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc302617/m1/2/: accessed November 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.