Streamlining Government: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen OMB's Approach to Improving Efficiency Page: 43 of 73
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finalized. A clear authorization was mandated by Congress involving both
the executive and legislative branches of government while recognizing
and involving those affected by the government's actions. With the
completion of the recommended actions for the first four BRAC rounds by
2001, DOD had significantly reduced its domestic infrastructure through
the realignment and closure of hundreds of bases and had reportedly
generated billions in net savings or cost avoidances during the process.
While DOD's focus for the four BRAC rounds through 1995 was largely on
eliminating excess capacity, the Secretary of Defense at the outset of the
BRAC 2005 round-the fifth such round taken on by the department-
indicated its intent to reshape DOD's installations and realign DOD forces
to meet defense needs for the next 20 years and eliminate excess physical
capacity-the operation, sustainment, and recapitalization of which
diverts resources from defense capability. Both DOD and the BRAC
Commission reported that their primary consideration in making
recommendations for the BRAC 2005 round was military value, which
includes considerations such as an installation's current and future
mission capabilities. As such, many of the BRAC 2005 recommendations
involve complex realignments that reflect operational capacity to
maximize warfighting capability and efficiency.
We have reported that the fifth round, BRAC 2005, will be the biggest,
most complex, and costliest BRAC round ever, in part because, unlike
previous rounds, the Secretary of Defense viewed the 2005 round as an
opportunity not only to achieve savings but also to assist in transforming
the department. For example, DOD is consolidating facilities and
programs through a BRAC action to relocate five training centers from
across the United States into a single medical education and training
center at one installation. Although anticipated savings resulting from
implementing BRAC 2005 recommendations, which the department could
use for other defense programs, remain an important consideration in
justifying the need for this round, our calculations using DOD's fiscal year
2010 BRAC budget estimates have shown that estimated savings DOD
expects to generate over the 20-year period ending in 2025 have declined
from the BRAC Commission's estimate of $36 billion to $10.9 billion in
constant fiscal year 2005 dollars.68
GAO-10-394 Streamlining Government
68GAO, Military Base Realignments and Closures: Estimated Costs Have Increased While
Savings Estimates Have Decreased Since Fiscal Year 2009, GAO-10-98R (Washington:
D.C.: Nov. 13, 2009).
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Streamlining Government: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen OMB's Approach to Improving Efficiency, report, May 7, 2010; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc302236/m1/43/: accessed May 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.