Streamlining Government: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen OMB's Approach to Improving Efficiency Page: 15 of 73
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remaining efficiency measures indicates that about half of the efficiency
measures contained typical elements by including both an input and an
output or outcome. As illustrated in figure 1, for the 21 selected programs
(listed in appendix II), we determined that 58 percent of the efficiency
measures included both elements and 42 percent did not. In its guidance
to programs, OMB stated that, although both output and outcome-oriented
efficiency measures were acceptable, outcome efficiency measures were
preferred. Because we obtained more in-depth information on the selected
programs' measures, we further analyzed whether those that included both
elements were output- or outcome-oriented and found most to be output-
Figure 1: Extent to Which 36 Efficiency Measures from Selected Programs Contained the Two Typical Elements of an
Efficiency Measure and Other Attributes
Percentages of efficiency measures
containing typical elements and other attributes
Included both Did not include
typical elements a typical element
(21) 5 8 42% (15)
Percentage with output or outcome Percentage with cost or time as the input Percentage missing a typical element
Output (13) Time (3) Output or outcome
- Outcome (8) - Cost (18)
86% 87% Input missing (13)
n=21 n=21 n=15
Source: GAO analysis of OMB PART data.
Note: The typical elements of an efficiency measure include (1) an input and (2) an output or
GAO-10-394 Streamlining Government
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Streamlining Government: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen OMB's Approach to Improving Efficiency, report, May 7, 2010; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc302236/m1/15/: accessed May 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.