Foreign Assistance: Recent Improvements Made, but USAID Should Do More to Help Ensure Aid Is Not Provided for Terrorist Activities in West Bank and Gaza

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Correspondence issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The United States has worked for decades to achieve a resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict through initiatives such as the 1993 Oslo Accords and the more recent 2003 Roadmap for Peace. During fiscal years 1993 through 2005, the United States provided more than $2 billion in assistance to Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza, including nearly $275 million in fiscal year 2005, to help achieve this goal. In particular, the 2005 assistance was provided to support the president of the Palestinian Authority, elected in January 2005, and ... continued below

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United States. Government Accountability Office. September 29, 2006.

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Description

Correspondence issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The United States has worked for decades to achieve a resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict through initiatives such as the 1993 Oslo Accords and the more recent 2003 Roadmap for Peace. During fiscal years 1993 through 2005, the United States provided more than $2 billion in assistance to Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza, including nearly $275 million in fiscal year 2005, to help achieve this goal. In particular, the 2005 assistance was provided to support the president of the Palestinian Authority, elected in January 2005, and to facilitate the Israeli disengagement from parts of the West Bank and Gaza, among other things. This assistance, primarily administered by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), has been directed mainly toward five development sectors: economic growth, water and infrastructure, democracy and governance, health, and higher education. In recent years, the United States has taken several steps to help ensure that U.S. resources, including its aid to the West Bank and Gaza, do not support terrorist activities. On September 23, 2001, President Bush issued an executive order prohibiting the support of any organization or individuals that have been designated as terrorists. Since 2001, to implement the executive order and other antiterrorism provisions in various subsequent appropriations acts, USAID, in consultation with the Department of State, Congress, and others, developed a number of provisions to help ensure that its assistance is not delivered to or through terrorists. In addition, the USAID mission for the West Bank and Gaza (the mission) developed policies and procedures to implement antiterrorism provisions for the awards it administers. The provisions that were in effect for assistance delivered through contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements active in 2005 included (1) the vetting of certain non-U.S. prime awardees and subawardees for terrorist connections; (2) certifications by all prime awardees and subawardees of grants and cooperative agreements that they have not assisted and do not assist terrorists; and (3) a clause in all awards and related subawards prohibiting the support of terrorists (antiterrorism clause) and clauses in all prime awards prohibiting (a) the use of U.S. funds to recognize or honor terrorists (naming clause) and (b) the provision of cash to the Palestinian Authority (cash clause). Responding to a 2005 mandate to the Comptroller General of the United States, we examined fiscal year 2005 assistance to the West Bank and Gaza to, among other things, ensure that the required antiterrorism measures were implemented. In addition, we reviewed the financial audit reports of West Bank and Gaza contractors and grantees (and significant subcontractors and subgrantees) prepared by the USAID Office of the Regional Inspector General-Cairo (RIG) in response to a 2003 mandate and subsequent mandates. Among other things, the audits examined the awardees' compliance with antiterrorism provisions. To address these objectives, we reviewed the relevant laws and executive orders and USAID's directives, internal memorandums, operating procedures, and guidance for assistance-related antiterrorism measures. We focused on USAID's implementation of procedures related to vetting and antiterrorism certification and clauses."

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Government Accountability Office Reports

The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) is an independent, nonpartisan agency that works for the U.S. Congress investigating how the federal government spends taxpayers' money. Its goal is to increase accountability and improve the performance of the federal government. The Government Accountability Office Reports Collection consists of over 13,000 documents on a variety of topics ranging from fiscal issues to international affairs.

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  • September 29, 2006

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  • June 12, 2014, 7:50 p.m.

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United States. Government Accountability Office. Foreign Assistance: Recent Improvements Made, but USAID Should Do More to Help Ensure Aid Is Not Provided for Terrorist Activities in West Bank and Gaza, text, September 29, 2006; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc302094/: accessed November 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.