2012 Annual Report: Opportunities to Reduce Duplication, Overlap and Fragmentation, Achieve Savings, and Enhance Revenue Page: 4 of 426
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the first section of this report identify instances where multiple
government programs or activities have led to inefficiencies, and we
determined that greater efficiencies or effectiveness might be achievable.
Further, we have expanded the scope of our work this year to look for
areas where a mix of federal approaches is used, such as tax
expenditures, direct spending, and federal grant or loan programs.
Among the 32 areas where we found evidence of duplication, overlap, or
fragmentation, this report describes a range of conditions. As the "Actions
Needed" presented in this report show, addressing our varied findings will
require careful deliberation and tailored, well-crafted solutions.
We have found that agencies can often realize a range of benefits, such
as improved customer service, decreased administrative burdens, and
cost savings from addressing the issues we raise in this report. Cost
savings related to reducing or eliminating duplication, overlap, and
fragmentation can be difficult to estimate in some cases because the
portion of agency budgets devoted to certain programs or activities is
often not clear. In addition, the implementation costs that might be
associated with consolidating programs, establishing collaboration
mechanisms, or reducing activities, facilities, or personnel, among other
variables, are difficult to estimate, or needed information on program
performance or costs is not readily available.
Section II of this report summarizes 19 additional opportunities for
agencies or Congress to consider taking action that could either reduce
the cost of government operations or enhance revenue collections for the
Treasury. Collectively, this report shows that, if actions are taken to
address the issues raised herein, as well as those from our 2011 report,
the government could potentially save tens of billions of dollars annually,
depending on the extent of actions taken.
GAO-12-342SP 2012 Annual Report
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United States. Government Accountability Office. 2012 Annual Report: Opportunities to Reduce Duplication, Overlap and Fragmentation, Achieve Savings, and Enhance Revenue, report, February 28, 2012; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc301551/m1/4/: accessed January 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.