Environmental Protection Agency: Management Challenges and Budget Observations Page: 3 of 12
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Chairman Stearns, Ranking Member DeGette, and Members of the
I am pleased to be here today to discuss management challenges and
budget considerations at the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
These challenges are particularly important as Congress and the
administration seek to decrease the cost of government while improving
its performance and accountability. EPA operates in a highly complex and
controversial regulatory arena, and its policies and programs affect
virtually all segments of the economy, society, and government.
EPA conducts its work under an array of environmental laws, including
the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts.1 Structurally, EPA comprises
headquarters offices largely aligned with its primary authorizing statutes
and 10 regional offices that help implement these statutes. From fiscal
years 2000 through 2010, the agency's budget rose in nominal terms
from $7.8 billion to $10.4 billion, but has remained relatively flat over this
period in real terms.2 The four major categories of EPA spending in fiscal
year 2010 were:
* operating budget ($3.9 billion) for basic regulatory, research, and
* infrastructure grants ($3.9 billion) providing financial assistance to
states, municipalities, interstate commissions, and tribal governments
to fund a variety of drinking water, wastewater, air, and other
* trust funds ($1.4 billion) from appropriations to pay for, among other
things, Superfund and leaking underground storage tank hazardous
waste cleanup when responsible parties are not available to pay; and
* categorical grants ($1.1 billion) to states, tribes, nonprofit
organizations, and others for specific environmental programs,
including air and radiation, water, drinking water, hazardous waste,
and pesticides and toxic chemicals.
1Clean Air Act, codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. 7401-7671q (2011); Clean Water
Act, codified as amended at 33 U.S.C. 1251 -1387 (2011).
21n real terms, using 2011 dollars, EPA's budget equated to $9.9 billion in fiscal year 2000
and $10.4 billion in fiscal year 2010.
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Environmental Protection Agency: Management Challenges and Budget Observations, text, October 12, 2011; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc301483/m1/3/: accessed October 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.