U.S.-China Trade: Summary of 2003 World Trade Organization Transitional Review Mechanism for China Page: 8 of 101
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Committee on Agriculture
GAO-05-209R U.S.-China Trade
Summary of issues by theme Raised by Raised by China's response
United other WTO
Trade in soybeans
Disagreement that China's State Writtena Concerning quarantine of agricultural
Administration for Quality Supervision, products, China stated that in formulating and
Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) implementing Sanitary and Phytosanitary
identified valid scientific basis for (SPS) measures, China strictly abided by the
suspension of soybean imports from SPS Agreement and all other World Trade
companies based on detections of Organization (WTO) rules, especially the
phytophthora sojae in shipments of science-based and transparency principles.
soybeans. Since 1999, China had identified several
Reason for China's delayed Written,a cases of soybean epidemic in imports shipped
announcement of its plans for a Verbalc from the United States. China had notified the
suspension of soybean shipments from U.S. authorities nine times, but no
companies in question. improvement had been made on the part of
Purpose of announcing plans for a Written,a the United States. For the time being, China
suspension of shipments without Verbalc had not banned any foreign companies to
setting a date on which the suspension export soybeans to China. China hoped that
would become effective. the U.S. authorities would take strict
Existence and result of risk Written,a quarantine measures with respect to its
assessment in accordance with the Verbalc exports of soybean to China so as to ensure
requirements of the Agreement on soybean shipments were free from this
Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures epidemic or any other diseases. (Verbalc)
(SPS Agreement). China had discovered soybean rust in the
Explanation of how suspending Written,a U.S. shipments but so far China had not and
shipments of soybeans from the Verbalc was not planning to take any actions to
companies in question would address suspend U.S. or other Members' exports of
the identified risk. soybeans to China. China was seeking
Explanation of how China is ensuring, Written,a solutions to solve this problem and suggested
consistent with its obligations under the Verbalc that discussions continue at a technical level.
SPS Agreement, that any measures (Verbalc)
addressing Phytophthora sojae are not
arbitrarily or unjustifiably discriminating
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United States. Government Accountability Office. U.S.-China Trade: Summary of 2003 World Trade Organization Transitional Review Mechanism for China, text, January 25, 2005; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc301428/m1/8/: accessed May 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.