U.S.-China Trade: Summary of 2003 World Trade Organization Transitional Review Mechanism for China Page: 50 of 101
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Summary of issues by theme Raised by Raised by China's response
United other WTO
Agreement and sign up to the majority
of the existing Geneva regulations.
Implementation of newly enacted rules EC - Writtenb The import registration for pharmaceutical
in conformity with the requirements products exported to China required those
stemming from the WTO-TBT products to meet both the Chinese and the
Agreement rather than requiring higher national standards of the country of origin.
quality standards on imported drugs Therefore, domestic and foreign
compared to domestic products pharmaceutical producers were treated
standards and international standards. equally. (Verbale)
Consistency of standards used for EC - Writtenb
active pharmaceutical ingredients (API)
in the import drug license registration
(IDL) requirements and request for
China to respect transparency
Concern on the so-called "active EC - Verbale
pharmaceutical ingredients," given the
hurdles encountered by EC producers
when exporting to China, and the import
drug license registration that was
required, the specifications of which had
been the subject of frequent changes
without external communication or
Discrimination of importers required to EC - Writtenb Imported cosmetics were subject to an
file an application to the Ministry of assessment and approval of their safety and
Health to obtain a pre-market hygiene qualities and to a labeling approval.
registration, which is lengthy and (Verbale)
onerous and requires the disclosure of
confidential data, whereas domestic
producers notify the local authorities two
months after the launch of the product.
Concern that the pre-market registration EC - Verbale
for cosmetics, performed by the Ministry
of Health, was lengthy and onerous, and
appeared to be different from the one
required for domestic producers. There
was another pre-import registration for
imported cosmetics, required by AQSIQ,
which apparently established a double
registration system for imported
Request for China to phase out current EC - Writtenb
expensive and time-consuming double
registration system by AQSIQ, before
import and repeated at local level, for
Request for China to reconsider its EC - Written
legislation on labeling and advertising in
order to achieve transparency,
compliance with global practice and a
Request for the Chinese authorities to EC - Writtenb
formally endorse the important
achievements in de facto removal of
BSE-related trade impediments.
GAO-05-209R U.S.-China Trade
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United States. Government Accountability Office. U.S.-China Trade: Summary of 2003 World Trade Organization Transitional Review Mechanism for China, text, January 25, 2005; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc301428/m1/50/?rotate=90: accessed June 17, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.