U.S.-China Trade: Summary of 2003 World Trade Organization Transitional Review Mechanism for China Page: 38 of 101
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Summary of issues by theme Raised by Raised by China's response
United other WTO
products published by Ministry of Health
Risk assessments completed on the Writtena
products for which standards and
tolerances are established at levels
more restrictive than the relevant
international standards regarding
MOH's new draft regulations on food,
forestry, and fishery products.
Concern that the notification MOH draft Writtena
regulations would compel the initiation
of an immense set of complex testing,
grading and risk assessment reviews,
which may unjustifiably deny imports of
products, such as grain, processed
foods, dairy, meat and poultry into
Measures to ensure that sanitary and EC - Writtenb China fully respects the principles identified in
phytosanitary measures are based on the SPS Agreement, especially the principle of
scientific principles and are not a scientific basis, in the process of developing
maintained without scientific evidence. and implementing its SPS measures. China's
SPS measures are all based on risk
assessments. In December 2002, China
published Regulatory Measures on Import Risk
Analysis for Animals and Animal Products
(AQSIQ Decree No. 40) and Regulatory
Measures on Import Risk Analysis for Plants
and Plant Products (AQSIQ Decree No. 41),
which were notified to WTO. (Verbald)
China's implementation of European EC - Writtenb Chinese experts have received and are now
and Chinese experts' scientific studying the experts' report on cosmetics
assessment applied to cosmetics, which was drafted by the EC panel. China
including finding that substances pays great attention to the work done by
banned in China, or those subject to Chinese and European experts. China will
specific import measures, were actually consider the revision of the control measure if
safe. the experts from both sides can achieve
consensus on the scientific basis and technical
Equal application of MOH's new Writtena China respects the principle of non-
regulations covering food, forestry, and discrimination in the course of developing and
fishery products between domestic and implementing SPS measures. For products
imported products. with identical risks, China's SPS measures,
especially end product criteria, are applied
equally to domestic and imported products.
The recent standards revised or developed by
the Ministry of Health, in which some Members
are interested, will also apply equally to
domestic and imported products once they are
China is a centralized country, and all the SPS
measures (including national standards related
to SPS) developed by the central government
are enforced nation-wide. The Constitution of
China and the current legal and standards
framework can effectively ensure the uniform
implementation of SPS measures across the
GAO-05-209R U.S.-China Trade
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United States. Government Accountability Office. U.S.-China Trade: Summary of 2003 World Trade Organization Transitional Review Mechanism for China, text, January 25, 2005; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc301428/m1/38/: accessed May 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.